Henri Didon

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Henri Didon.

Henri Didon (17 March 1840, Touret Touret Dauphine' (Isère), France – 13 March 1900, Toulouse) was a French Dominican writer, and educator, and reputedly the greatest French preacher of his day.[1]

The Olympic motto Citius altius fortius, suggested by his friend Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 and official since 1924 dates back to one that Didon coined for a Paris youth gathering of 1891.[2]

Formation[edit]

Educated at Grenoble under the French Dominican Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire. At the age of eighteen Didon left the seminary of Grenoble to enter the Dominican Order. Didon was an alumnus of the College of St. Thomas, the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas Angelicum in Rome, where in 1862[3] he completed his philosophical and theological studies.[4]

Career[edit]

Returning to France a lector of sacred theology Didon taught Scripture for a brief time, and in 1868 began a career as a preacher in Paris. A desire to communicate his faith to others, coupled with accomplished art, enabled him to make the most of his oratorial abilities. He had strong features, a large forehead, black eyes, a vibrating voice which he perfectly controlled, and an ease in emphasizing his words by gestures. He was at his best when preaching on social subjects. He delivered the funeral oration of Archbishop Darboy, of Paris, who had been shot by the Communists 24 May 1871. In the following year he preached Lenten and Advent conferences in the principal churches of Paris, many of which he published.

In 1879, critics in the press of Paris opposed Didon for the attitude he took in a series of conferences on the question of the indissolubility of marriage, which he discontinued at the request of the Archbishop of Paris, but published in book form. A year later, critics confronted him while he delivered Lenten conferences on the Church and modern society, and the accusation was made that he was in contradiction with the Syllabus. Although his preaching was orthodox, he was sent by the master general of his order to Corbara in Corsica. There for seven years he labored at a "Life of Christ", leaving his retreat for an extended visit in Palestine and again for a sojourn at the University of Leipzig, University of Göttingen, and the University of Berlin. In 1887 he returned to France, where, in 1890, he completed his Life of Christ. It met with a remarkable sale and was soon translated into several languages: two English translations were made in 1891-2.

In January 1892, Father Didon reappeared in the French pulpit when he preached in Bordeaux a religious-political sermon in favor of the Republic. He then delivered at the Madeleine in Paris a series of Lenten conferences on Jesus (tr. Belief in the Divinity of Jesus Christ, 1894). Thereafter he gave only occasional sermons and lectures, his time and energies being devoted to the education of youth. At the Dominican colleges in and near Paris, cultivating educational theories but little developed elsewhere in France, he did away with compulsion as much as possible, taught the students that discipline is the way to liberty, fostered in them a spirit of self-reliance together with a loving reverence for authority, and checked the development of a critical spirit. Some of his educational theories may be seen in his work "Les Allemands" (tr. The Germans, 1884), which is a study of the German universities with application to France; others may be found developed at length in his college addresses published in pamphlet form. The deeply religious character of Father Didon is especially manifest in his "Lettres à Mlle Th. V." (Paris, 1900), which quickly went through thirty editions and appeared in English, in his "Lettres à un ami" (Paris, 1902); and "Lettres a Mère Samuel" (Année Dominicaine, 1907-8). Besides the works mentioned above many of his sermons and addresses have been published in French and some have been done into English.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=KBRdAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA111 Accessed 2-20-2013
  2. ^ "Sport athlétique", 14 mars 1891: "[...] dans une éloquente allocution il a souhaité que ce drapeau les conduise ‘souvent à la victoire, à la lutte toujours’. Il a dit qu’il leur donnait pour devise ces trois mots qui sont le fondement et la raison d’être des sports athlétiques: citius, altius, fortius, ‘plus vite, plus haut, plus fort’.", cited in Hoffmane, Simone La carrière du père Didon, Dominicain. 1840 - 1900, Doctoral thesis, Université de Paris IV - Sorbonne, 1985, p. 926; cf. Michaela Lochmann, Les fondements pédagogiques de la devise olympique „citius, altius, fortius“
  3. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04782a.htm Accessed 3-7-2013
  4. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=KBRdAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA111#v=onepage&q&f=false Accessed 2-20-2013; http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Didon,_Henri Accessed 2-20-2013

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 

External links[edit]