Henri-Pierre Roché

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Henri-Pierre Roché (28 May 1879 – 9 April 1959) was a French author who was deeply involved with the artistic avant-garde in Paris and the Dada movement.

Late in life, Roché published two novels: his first was Jules et Jim (1953), a semi-autobiographical work published when he was 74. His second novel, Les deux anglaises et le continent (Two English Girls, 1956), was also inspired by his life. Both were adapted as films by director François Truffaut, in 1962 and 1971, respectively. The popularity of the film Jules and Jim brought renewed attention to Roché's novels and life.

Biography[edit]

Roché was born in Paris, France. In 1898, he was an art student at the Académie Julian.[1]

Roché became a respected journalist as well as an art collector and dealer. At the turn of the 20th century, he became close friends with a number of young European artists from the Montparnasse Quarter of Paris including Manuel Ortiz de Zárate and Marie Vassilieff; and from Montmartre, Max Jacob and Pablo Picasso. He was at home in the world of artists, collectors, and gallerists. In November 1905, he introduced the Americans Leo Stein and his sister Gertrude Stein to Picasso.

Leo described Roché as “a tall man with an inquiring eye under an inquisitive forehead, wanted to know something more about everything. He was a born liaison officer, who knew everybody and wanted everybody to know everybody else." [2] Gertrude Stein in her The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, chapter 3, described Roché in much the same terms. She particularly appreciated his having read her Three Lives and early recognition of her value as a writer.[3]

Henri-Pierre Roché was also a friend of Francis Picabia, Constantin Brâncuși, and Marcel Duchamp. following his discharge from the French army, Roché and Duchamp traveled to New York City in 1916. There, he and Duchamp teamed up with Beatrice Wood to create The Blind Man, a magazine that was one of the earliest manifestations in the United States of the Dada art movement.

Noted for his womanizing, Roché also married twice.

Later years and writing[edit]

In his later years, he wrote and published two successful novels. His first novel, Jules and Jim (1952), was published when he was 74. His second novel, also inspired by his life, was Les deux anglaises et le continent (Two English Girls, 1956). Both novels, although written by a man who was quite advanced in age, express a vitality and freshness not often seen in French romantic stories of the time. After Jules and Jim was adapted by François Truffaut as a 1962 film by the same name, both of Roché's novels attracted widespread interest and sales.

Since the late 20th century, biographies of Beatrice Wood have associated Roché's first novel with the love triangle among Duchamp, Wood, and Roché.[4][5] But other sources say he referred to this triangle in his unfinished novel, Victor.

Beatrice Wood commented on this topic on p. 136 of her 1985 autobiography, I Shock Myself:

Roché lived in Paris with his wife Denise, and had by now written Jules et Jim... Because the story concerns two young men who are close friends and a woman who loves them both, people have wondered how much was based on Roché, Marcel, and me. I cannot say what memories or episodes inspired Roché, but the characters bear only passing resemblance to those of us in real life!

Jules et Jim has been documented as inspired by the triangle among Roché, German writer Franz Hessel, who translated Marcel Proust into German (as the character Jules did), and Helen Grund, who married Hessel.[6][7][8]

French director François Truffaut came across Jules and Jim at a secondhand bookseller. He looked up Roché and befriended him when the writer was in his final years. Henri-Pierre Roché died in 1959 in Sèvres, Hauts-de-Seine.

The earliest translation of 'Jules and Jim' into English was for a Panther paperback published in Great Britain in 1963.

Representation in other media[edit]

Truffaut was so impressed by his two novels that he adapted each of them for films of the same names. The adaptation of Jules and Jim (1962) by Truffaut was very popular, bringing renewed attention to Roche's novels.[citation needed] Several years later, Truffaut directed and released Two English Girls (1971), starring Claude Léaud.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lake, Carlton et al. (1991). Henri-Pierre Roché: an Introduction, p. 190.
  2. ^ Stein, Leo. Appreciation. Lincoln: Nebraska Press, 1996, 169-70.
  3. ^ Stein, Gertrude. The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas. (1957/Penguin, reprint 2001), pp. 50-51
  4. ^ "Beatrice Wood 1893–998". Beverly Hills, CA, USA: Spencer Jon Helfen Fine Arts. 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-14. 
  5. ^ Smith, Roberta (1998-03-18). "Beatrice Wood Obit". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  6. ^ Galateria, Dalia (December 1998). "Jules and Jim: An Amorous Cyclone". Bright Lights Film Journal. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  7. ^ Thierry Leclère, Stéphane Hessel, un homme engagé : “J’ai toujours été du côté des dissidents”, Télérama (March 12, 2011). Retrieved March 17, 2011 (French)
  8. ^ Ignacio Ramonet, "A Call to Outrage", Other News (February 15, 2011). Retrieved March 17, 2011

References[edit]

External links[edit]