Henri Rouvière

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Henri Rouvière (December 23, 1876 – 1952) was a professor of anatomy born in Le Bleymard, France.

He studied in Montpellier, receiving his medical doctorate in 1903. He later became a professor of anatomy and embryology at the University of Paris. Collège Henri Rouvière in his hometown of Le Bleymard is named in his honour.[1]

Rouvière is remembered for his 1932 publication of "Anatomie des Lymphatiques de l'Homme" (translated into English in 1938 as "Anatomy of the Human Lymphatic System"),[2] an exhaustive study involving the delineation and classification of human lymph nodes and their associated drainage regions. Rouvière's work was a continuation of the seminal research of the lymphatic system done by anatomist Marie Sappey (1810-1896).[3]

Other significant writings by Rouvière are "Anatomie humaine descriptive, topographique et fonctionnelle", "Atlas aide-mémoire d'anatomie" and "L'anatomie humaine". Many of his anatomical works are preserved in the Musée d'Anatomie Delmas-Orfila-Rouvière in Paris.

The eponymous "node of Rouvière" (sometimes called "Rouvière node") features his name; this node is the most superior of the lateral group of the retropharyngeal lymph nodes, and is found at the base of the skull.


  1. ^ Annuaire-Mairie Collège Henri Rouvière - La Commune, la Mairie du Bleymard
  2. ^ British Journal of Surgery "Anatomy of the human lymphatic system"
  3. ^ Marie Philibert Constant Sappey @ Who Named It