Henri Vaugeois

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Henri Vaugeois (April 25, 1864-April 11, 1916) was a French far right politician and one of the founders of Action Française.

Born in L'Aigle, Orne, Vaugeois settled in Coulommiers where he taught philosophy.[1] Initially a republican liberal,[1] Vaugeois even flirted with Marxism in his youth.[2] However he later came to side with the anti-Dreyfus camp and 1899 lost his teaching post after joining Paul Déroulède's half-hearted coup attempt.[1] In 1898 he had, along with Maurice Pujo, been the founder of the Comité de l'Action Française which Charles Maurras used as the basis of the movement.[3] Maurras soon convinced Vaugeois to abandon his republican ideals in favour of monarchism.[1]

Vaugeois was a weak politician and a poor speaker and as such did not gain much influence in the new movement, over and above directing the group's eponymous daily paper (which he and Pujo had initially founded).[4] Within the movement he became one of the strongest voices in support of anti-Semitism.[5]

He died in Paris, leaving behind a widow who was several years his junior.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 402
  2. ^ Robert Stuart, Marxism and National Identity: Socialism, Nationalism, and National Socialism During the French fin de siècle, SUNY Press, 2006, p. 142
  3. ^ F.L. Carsten, The Rise of Fascism, University of California Press, 1982, p. 12
  4. ^ Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right, p. 403
  5. ^ Eugen Weber, Action Française: Royalism and Reaction in Twentieth Century France, Stanford University Press, 1962p. 199
  6. ^ Weber, Action Française, p. 112