Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon

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Henri
Duke of Bouillon
Henridelatour.jpg
Spouse Charlotte de La Marck
Elisabeth of Orange-Nassau
Issue
Detail
Marie, Duchess of La Trémoille
Juliane Catherine, Countess of Roucy
Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne
Élisabeth, Marquise of Duras
Henriette Catherine, Marquise of La Moussaye
Henri, vicomte de Turenne
Full name
Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne
Father François de La Tour d'Auvergne
Mother Eléonore de Montmorency
Born (1555-09-28)28 September 1555
Château de Joze-en-Auvergne, France
Died 25 March 1623(1623-03-25) (aged 67)
Sedan, France

Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne (titular Duke of Bouillon, jure uxoris, comte de Montfort et Negrepelisse, vicomte de Turenne, Castillon, et Lanquais, ) (28 September 1555 – 25 March 1623) was a member of the powerful, (then Huguenot) House of La Tour d'Auvergne, Prince of Sedan and a marshal of France.

Biography[edit]

The vicomte de Turenne was born at the castle of Joze-en-Auvergne, near Clermont-Ferrand in Auvergne. His parents were François de La Tour d'Auvergne, Viscount of Turenne and Eléonore de Montmorency, eldest daughter of Anne, 1st Duc de Montmorency.

After the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in 1572 he participated in the Siege of La Rochelle (1572-1573), but subsequently re-converted to Protestantism. Compromised in the conspiracy of La Mole and Coconnat in 1574, he joined the party of the Malcontents headed by François, Duke of Alençon (younger brother of kings Charles IX and Henry III) in 1575.

In 1576 he joined the Protestant party of Henry of Navarre (the future Henry IV), negotiating the Peace of Nérac between Protestants and Catholics in 1579. Appointed lieutenant general of Upper Languedoc in 1580, he took part in the siege of Paris in 1590 after the accession of Henry IV to the throne, and conquered Stenay from the Catholic League in 1591.

In 1591 Henry IV married him to Charlotte de La Marck, heiress to the duchy of Bouillon (now in Belgium) and of the Principality of Sedan (now in the Ardennes, France). In 1592 Henry IV made him Marshal of France.

After the death of his wife in 1594, he married Elisabeth of Orange-Nassau, a daughter of William the Silent, by his third wife Charlotte de Bourbon.

Defeated at Doullens, Picardy in 1595 by Fuentes, governor of the Spanish Low Countries, he was sent to England to renew the alliance of France with Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1596. Compromised in the conspiracy of Biron in 1602, he fled to Geneva the following year and had to accept a French protectorate over his duchy of Bouillon in 1606.

At the death of Henry IV, he entered the Council of Regency during the minority of Louis XIII, and intrigued against Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully and Concini, the latter a favourite of the Queen Regent Marie de' Medici.

He died in Sedan in 1623.

Issue[edit]

His only child by Charlotte de La Marck, suo jure Duchess of Bouillon, whom he married on 19 November 1591, was a son who was born and died on 8 May 1594.

Children by Elisabeth of Orange-Nassau; married on 15 April 1595

  • Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne (August 1596 - November 1607);
  • Marie de La Tour d'Auvergne (1599 - 24 May 1665) married Henri de La Trémoille, Duke of Thouars and Prince de Talmont, and had issue;
  • Juliane Catherine de La Tour d'Auvergne (8 October 1604 - 6 October 1637) married François de La Rochefoucauld, Count of Roucy, and had issue;
  • Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne (22 October 1605 – 9 August 1652) married Eleonora Catharina de Bergh and had issue;
  • Élisabeth de La Tour d'Auvergne (1606 - 1 December 1685) married Guy de Durfort, mother of Jacques and Guy;
  • Henriette Catherine de La Tour d'Auvergne (died 1677) married Amaury Gouyon, marquis de La Moussaye and had issue;
  • Henri, vicomte de Turenne, (11 September 1611 - 27 July 1675) married Charlotte de Caumont, daughter of Armand-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force.

Children by Adèle Corret, mistress;

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]