Henri de Schomberg

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Henri de Schomberg (1575 - 17 November 1632).
Marshall Henri de Schomberg and Toiras vanquishing the English army of Buckingham at the end of the siege. Michel de la Mathonière, 1627.
Schomberg presenting English captives to the King.

Henri de Schomberg, Comte de Nanteuil (1575 – 17 November 1632), was a Marshal of France during the reign of Louis XIII.[1]

Biography[edit]

Schomberg was born at Paris. Superintendent of Finances from 1619 to 1622. He became Marshal of France in 1625.

In 1628, Schomberg rescued Toiras in the Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré with an army of 6,000 men and some cavalry.[2] Together with Toiras he pursued the retreated English army of the Duke of Buckingham, with great loss being sustained by the latter.[2]

Henri de Schomberg commanded Royal troops against the Huguenot rebellions, at the Siege of Privas.

In 1632 he defeated Henri II de Montmorency at the battle of Castelnaudary (1 September 1632).[3] He died soon after, of apoplexy, on 17 November of that year in Bordeaux.[4]

Family[edit]

One of his daughters married the prince de Guéméné.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Glozier 2005, p. 5.
  2. ^ a b Disraeli 1851, p. 114.
  3. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 787.
  4. ^ "Schomberg". Encyclopédie méthodique: Histoire (in French) 5. 1791. p. 19. 

References[edit]

  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Montmorency". Encyclopædia Britannica 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 787. 
  • Disraeli, Isaac (1851). Commentaries on the life and reign of Charles the First, king of England 1. A & W Galignani. p. 114. 
  • Glozier, Matthew (2005). Marshal Schomberg 1615-1690, 'the ablest soldier of his age': international soldiering and the formation of state armies in seventeenth-century Europe. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 1-903900-60-3.