Henric Schartau (27 September 1757 Malmö – 3 February 1825 Lund) was a Swedish Lutheran pietistic priest. His theology influenced a revivalist movement known as Schartauanism that is widespread in south and southwest Sweden. In the United States it was influential in western Maine.
Schartau studied to priest at Lund University. He became chaplain (komminister) in Lund Cathedral. As such he also was vicar in the congregation of Stora Råby in southern Sweden (the province of Scania) and rural dean. He became renowned for his harsh and strict sermons, which came to influence several young priests, many of them in the Diocese of Gothenburg.
Some well known Swedish bishops like Bo Giertz have been influenced by the Schartauan teachings.