Henry A. Byroade

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Henry A. Byroade
Henry Byroade with Nasser.jpg
Ambassador Byroade (right) being received by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, 1955
9th United States Ambassador to Afghanistan
In office
1959–1962
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Preceded by Sheldon T. Mills
Succeeded by John M. Steeves
12th United States Ambassador to Pakistan
In office
October 15, 1973 – April 23, 1977
President Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Joseph S. Farland
Succeeded by George S. Vest
Personal details
Born July 24, 1913
Maumee Township, Allen County, Indiana
Died December 31, 1993(1993-12-31) (aged 80)
Potomac, Maryland

Brigadier General Henry Alfred Byroade, (July 24, 1913 – December 31, 1993) of Indiana was an American career diplomat. Over the course of his career, he served as the American ambassador to Egypt (1955-1956), South Africa (1956-1959), Afghanistan (1959-1962), Burma (1963-1968), Philippines (1969-1973), and Pakistan (1973–1977).

Byroade graduated from West Point in 1937 and began as a career Army officer. In 1946, at the age of 32, he rose to the rank of Brigadier General. In 1949 he was seconded to the U.S. Department of State, where he headed the Office of German Affairs. In 1952, he made the decision to resign from the Army, and was appointed Assistant Secretary of State for Middle East, South Asia and Africa—a post he held until 1955.

In 1954 he attracted criticism from both Israel and the Arab world for the administration's policy declaration in which he told the Israelis, "You should drop the attitude of a conqueror and the conviction that force is the only policy that your neighbors will understand," and told the Arabs, "You should accept this state of Israel as an accomplished fact."[1] That same year, he referred to Israel's Zionist ideology and it's free admission of Jews through the Law of Return as "a legitimate matter of concern both to the Arabs and to the Western countries."[2]

Byroade had been Ambassador to Egypt for more than a year when it was announced that he was being transferred. He was considered a friend of Arab causes but unable, during his Egyptian assignment, to prevent an arms deal between Czechoslovakia and Egypt, or to dissuade the Egyptian government of Gamal Abdel Nasser from expanding its campaigns against the West. Criticism of his effectiveness in Cairo in the Eisenhower Administration led to his reassignment to South Africa. Emanuel Neumann, chairman of the executive of the Zionist Organization of America urged that he be removed from Cairo, claiming he had been an apologist for the Egyptian government.

He retired from the Foreign Service in 1977. He died in December 1993 in Bethesda, Maryland.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pace, Eric (3 January 1994). "Henry Byroade, 80, Ambassador to Egypt and 5 Other Countries". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Adelman, Jonathan: The Rise of Israel: A History of a Revolutionary State

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
George C. McGhee
Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs
April 14, 1952 – January 25, 1955
Succeeded by
George V. Allen
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Jefferson Caffery
United States Ambassador to Egypt
1955-1956
Succeeded by
Raymond A. Hare
Preceded by
Edward T. Wailes
United States Ambassador to South Africa
1956-1959
Succeeded by
Philip K. Crowe
Preceded by
Sheldon T. Mills
United States Ambassador to Afghanistan
1959-1962
Succeeded by
John M. Steeves
Preceded by
John Scott Everton
United States Ambassador to Burma
1963–1968
Succeeded by
Arthur W. Hummel, Jr.
Preceded by
G. Mennen Williams
United States Ambassador to the Philippines
1969-1973
Succeeded by
William H. Sullivan
Preceded by
Joseph S. Farland
United States Ambassador to Pakistan
1973–1977
Succeeded by
Arthur W. Hummel, Jr.