Henry Alexander Walker

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Honorary Brigadier-General H.A Walker - Henry Alexander Walker C.B, C.M.G., D.S.O. H.P (20 October 1874 - 1 May 1953) was a British Army officer who was a member of the Royal Fusiliers regiment and 1st Battalion King's African Rifles who participated notably in the First World War.

He was the son of Lieut.Col Edward Walker, Royal Fusiliers, and he was educated at St Georges College, Weybridge. He then entered the forces in 1895 , second in command of the 1st Battalion, King's African Rifles, Nairobi, at the turn of the 20th century.[1]

In 1914, he was brigade major in the Meerut Division.[2]

He commanded the 16th Infantry Brigade during the First World War until the loss of his left arm in a shell attack at Vaux Andigny on 16 October 1918.[3]

He was mentioned nine times in despatches.

When he attained the age for compulsory retirement, he retired on pay, 20 October 1931, and was granted the hon. rank of Brig.- Gen.[4]

Battles[edit]

  • He was listed as captain (temporary Major) 1st K.A.R. who commanded the No. II Column in the first phase of the Nandi Expeditionary Force in the East Africa Protectorate, October,1905—February, 1906

His column assembled and guarded sections of railway and the station at Lumbwa Station, in Kenya's Rift Valley Province, and completed its concentration during the night of 20–21 October 1905. Major Walker had recently collected intelligence, and acted accordingly at dawn on 21 October, which surprised the villages of Chief Arab Nango (Kamehlo clan of Nandi) by a night march from Lumbwa. In this affair, they were completely surprised and suffered considerable casualties. He subsequently commanded his troops operating against the Nyangori tribe and latterly the left wing of the driving line and the companies in Kametilo.[5]

  - On the 22nd and 23rd October the approaches to the forest covering Tinderet range were reconnoitre. 
  - On the 25th and 26th the enemy's villages on the far side of Tinderet were surprised, after a night march, which began at 8 p.m.
  - On the 24th, across this steep and densely wooded range of mountains. No. II Column then operated on the Line Uson Point-Tieto-Ket                       
    Parak Kipturi, reaching Nandi Fort to refit on the 3rd November. 
  - Between the 21st October and the 3rd November, the operations of No. II Column resulted in considerable loss to the enemy at the cost    
    of 1 death and 4 casualties.  
    - February 1906; A garrison of five companies under command of Major Walker, drove the Kamelilo and the Tinderet range.
  - By the 5th of February their first drive resulted in clearing the Mau forests of all but a few of the enemy, who remained hiding in  
    the dense thickets on the mountains, and in completely clearing Kamelilo and Tinderet of all Nandi.
   - The Nandi Field Force was demobilised on the 27th February 1906, a garrison of five companies, under Major Walker, 1st K.A.R., being  
    left in the cultivated portion of Nandi and in Kamelilo to prevent the return to their former locations of the inhabitants whom were    
    expelled.[6]
  • January 1909 - 1910[7] - Somaliland - He was the first to arrive with 300 Askari of 1 KAR from Nyasaland. The battalion marched up to Wadamago where it performed mundane escort duties and fatigues for a year before returning to Nyasaland.[8]
  • Disembarked for the Battle of Ypres on the 12/10/1914.[9]
  • July/August 1920/21 - He commanded the 55th Brigade Column in 'Operations North of Hillah' - Hillah Iraq [10]

Awards, Medals and clasps[edit]

  • Cape Colony clasp, 1901 [11]
  • Orange Free State clasp, 1901 [12]
  • Transvaal clasp, 1901 [13]
  • Jidballi clasp [14]
  • Somaliland 1902-04 clasp [15]
  • Nandi 1905-06 Clasp [16]
  • Somaliland 1908-10 clasp [17]
  • King George V approved the promotion from Captain to Major for operations during the Nandi Expeditionary Force in the East Africa Protectorate, October,1905—February, 1906.[18]
  • 1914 Star
  • Companion of the Distinguished Service Order, 1915.[19]
  • Relinquishes the temporary rank of Brigadier General to Brig. Comdr.—Maj. and Bt. Lt.-;Col. 16 January 1919.[20]
  • The Order of St Stanislas, 3rd Class (With Swords) 19 February 1917 [21]
  • He was appointed Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB) by King George V for valuable services in Mesopotamia 9 September 1921 [22]
  • He was appointed Brigadier Commander Colonel of the Territorial Army, 21 September 1925.[23]
  • He was awarded the General Service Medal, 15/12/1923 for his duties in Iraq.[24]
  • In 1931 he was offered to be awarded an MBE/OBE for his services,[25] but he declined the proposals.

Home life[edit]

He was born on the 26th November, 1874 in Brighton, Sussex. His father was Colonel Edward Walker of Mayfield - Sussex, and his mother was called Mary Josephine.

He married the widow Winifred Plunkett (born 7 March 1872, maiden name Hadwen) on 28 August 1907 at the Parish Church of St Lukes, Chelsea, London.[26][27]

He had a property at Artillery Mansions, Battersea, London, but records on the 1911 census show he lived in Castle Road, Camberley, and had 2 servants. His last permanent address was at Manor House, Lower Woodford, Salisbury, 1949 [28]

He died in his home on the 1st May 1953, after a short illness. He was aged 78.[29] He left approx £18277 in assets to his wife Winifred in his will.[30]

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • He was invited to and attended the Southdown Hunt Ball, January 1899.[31]
  • He presented an ornate 17th-century Arabic manuscript on polished paper written in vocalised Naskh script to Cambridge University, possibly owned originally by Carl Brockelmann, which was used in a detailed catalogue of Islamic manuscripts, A Second Supplementary Hand-list of the Muhammadan Manuscripts in the University and Colleges of Cambridge[32] originally published in 1952. The manuscript was sold on behalf of a charitable trust in 2013 at Sotheby's Auction House for £3,500 GBP.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.mocavo.com/The-Catholic-Whos-Who-and-Year-Book-1908/416279/452
  2. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1262/30850_A001609-01437/5179150?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dMedalRolls%26h%3d5179150%26ti%3d5538%26indiv%3dtry%26gss%3dpt%26ssrc%3dpt_t69143634_p38190935017_kpidz0q3d38190935017z0q26aidz0q3d343781349869z0q26pgz0q3d32771z0q26pgplz0q3dpidz0q257caid&ssrc=pt_t69143634_p38190935017_kpidz0q3d38190935017z0q26aidz0q3d343781349869z0q26pgz0q3d32771z0q26pgplz0q3dpidz0q257caid&backlabel=ReturnRecord
  3. ^ http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/h-c-herbert-charles-oneill/the-royal-fusiliers-in-the-great-war-ien/page-32-the-royal-fusiliers-in-the-great-war-ien.shtml
  4. ^ http://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/33764/page/6700
  5. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27950/page/6318
  6. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27950/page/6318
  7. ^ http://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28385/page/4262
  8. ^ http://hornwatch4rights.blogspot.co.uk/2014/04/history-of-somaliland-protectorate-from.html
  9. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1262/30850_A001609-01437/5179150?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dMedalRolls%26h%3d5179150%26ti%3d5538%26indiv%3dtry%26gss%3dpt%26ssrc%3dpt_t69143634_p38190935017_kpidz0q3d38190935017z0q26aidz0q3d343781349869z0q26pgz0q3d32771z0q26pgplz0q3dpidz0q257caid&ssrc=pt_t69143634_p38190935017_kpidz0q3d38190935017z0q26aidz0q3d343781349869z0q26pgz0q3d32771z0q26pgplz0q3dpidz0q257caid&backlabel=ReturnRecord
  10. ^ http://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/32379/page/5335
  11. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1686/31794_221510-00131/1450630?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  12. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1686/31794_221510-00131/1450630?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  13. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1686/31794_221510-00131/1450630?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  14. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1686/31794_221446-00338/374738?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  15. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1686/31794_221446-00338/374738?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  16. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1686/31794_221539-00303/2362715?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3findiv%3d1%26db%3dCampaignMedalRolls%26rank%3d1%26new%3d1%26MSAV%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gss%3dangs-d%26gsfn%3dh%2ba%26gsfn_x%3dXO%26gsln%3dwalker%26dbOnly%3d_F0005C4A%257c_F0005C4A_x%252c_F0005C50%257c_F0005C50_x%252c_F00057CC%257c_F00057CC_x%26uidh%3dyy4%26pcat%3d39%26fh%3d20%26h%3d2362715%26recoff%3d4%2b5%2b6%26fsk%3dBED8qVEIgAAGlgAiBY8-61-%26bsk%3d%26pgoff%3d%26ml_rpos%3d21&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnRecord
  17. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1686/31794_221541-00173/808369?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  18. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27950/page/6318
  19. ^ http://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/12824/page/924
  20. ^ http://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/31595/supplement/12628
  21. ^ http://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/13053/page/37[dead link]
  22. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/32452/supplement/7193
  23. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/33087/page/6203
  24. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1686/31794_221550-00010/1361434?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3findiv%3d1%26db%3dCampaignMedalRolls%26rank%3d1%26new%3d1%26MSAV%3d1%26msT%3d1%26gss%3dangs-d%26gsfn%3dh%2ba%26gsfn_x%3dXO%26gsln%3dwalker%26dbOnly%3d_F0005C4A%257c_F0005C4A_x%252c_F0005C50%257c_F0005C50_x%252c_F00057CC%257c_F00057CC_x%26uidh%3dyy4%26pcat%3d39%26fh%3d23%26h%3d1361434%26recoff%3d3%2b4%2b5%26fsk%3dBED8qVEIgAAGlgAiBY8-61-%26bsk%3d%26pgoff%3d%26ml_rpos%3d24&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnRecord
  25. ^ http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=C10220535
  26. ^ interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1623/31280_197056-00046/2813466?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  27. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/2056/32515_606246_0080-00727/541390?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  28. ^ http://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/38616/page/2495
  29. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1897/31031_A100183-01726/338762?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  30. ^ http://interactive.ancestry.co.uk/1904/32858_609838_2434-00061/14379651?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.co.uk%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fgst%3d-6&ssrc=&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
  31. ^ http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000654/18990113/052/0003
  32. ^ http://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/literature/printing-and-publishing-history/second-supplementary-hand-list-muhammadan-manuscripts-university-and-colleges-cambridge
  33. ^ http://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/lot.30.html/2013/arts-of-the-islamic-world-l13220?sort=lotnum