Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst

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The Earl Bathurst.

Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst PC, KC (20 May 1714 – 6 August 1794), known as The Lord Apsley from 1771 to 1775, was a British lawyer and politician. He was Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1771 to 1778.

Background and education[edit]

Bathurst was the eldest son of Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, and his wife Catherine (née Apsley). Educated at Balliol College, Oxford, he was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1736, and became a King's Counsel in 1745.

Political and judicial career[edit]

In April 1735 he had been elected member of parliament for Cirencester, and was rewarded for his opposition to the government by being made solicitor-general and then attorney-general to Frederick, Prince of Wales. Resigning his seat in parliament in April 1754 he was made a judge of the Court of Common Pleas in the following month. He was admitted to the Privy Council and appointed Lord High Chancellor in January 1771, when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Apsley, in the County of Sussex. Having succeeded his father as second Earl Bathurst in September 1775, he resigned his office somewhat unwillingly in July 1778 to enable Lord Thurlow to join the cabinet of Lord North. In November 1779 he was appointed Lord President of the Council, and left office with North in March 1782.

Family[edit]

Lord Bathurst married firstly Anne James in 1754. After her death in 1758 he married secondly Tryphena, daughter of Thomas Scawen, in 1759. He died at Oakley Grove near Cirencester on 6 August 1794, aged 80, and was succeeded in the earldom by his son from his second marriage, Henry. Lady Bathurst died in 1807. Apsley House, in Hyde Park, known as "Number One London", was built for him by Robert Adam. It was sold in 1807 to the first Marquess of Wellesley, who sold it in 1817 to his famous brother, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.

References[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Master
Member of Parliament for Cirencester
1735–1754
With: Thomas Master 1735–1747
Thomas Master 1747–1749
John Coxe 1749–1754
Succeeded by
Benjamin Bathurst
John Dawnay
Political offices
Preceded by
In Commission
Lord Chancellor
1771–1778
Succeeded by
The Lord Thurlow
Preceded by
The Earl Gower
Lord President of the Council
1779–1782
Succeeded by
The Lord Camden
Preceded by
The Earl of Hardwicke
Teller of the Exchequer
1786–1794
Vacant
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Allen Bathurst
Earl Bathurst
1775–1794
Succeeded by
Henry Bathurst
New creation Baron Apsley
1771–1794