Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst

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The Right Honourable
The Earl Bathurst
KG PC
Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst by William Salter.jpg
Portrait of Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst by William Salter
President of the Board of Trade
In office
31 March 1807 – 29 September 1812
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Duke of Portland
Spencer Perceval
The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Lord Auckland
Succeeded by The Earl of Clancarty
Foreign Secretary
In office
11 October 1809 – 6 December 1809
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
Preceded by George Canning
Succeeded by The Marquess Wellesley
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
In office
11 June 1812 – 30 April 1827
Monarch George III
George IV
Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by Viscount Castlereagh
Succeeded by The Viscount Goderich
Lord President of the Council
In office
26 January 1828 – 22 November 1830
Monarch George IV
William IV
Prime Minister The Duke of Wellington
Preceded by The Duke of Portland
Succeeded by The Marquess of Lansdowne
Personal details
Born (1762-05-22)22 May 1762
Died 27 July 1834(1834-07-27) (aged 72)
London
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Lady Georgina Lennox
(1765-1846)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst KG PC (22 May 1762 – 27 July 1834) was a British politician.

Background and education[edit]

Lord Bathurst was the elder son of Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, by his wife Tryphena, daughter of Thomas Scawen. He was educated at Eton from 1773 to 1778 and then at Christ Church, Oxford.

Political career[edit]

Lord Bathurst was member of the British Parliament for Cirencester from 1783 until he succeeded to the earldom in August 1794. Owing mainly to his friendship with William Pitt, he was a lord of the admiralty from 1783 to 1789; a lord of the treasury from 1789 to 1791; and commissioner of the board of control from 1793 to 1802. Returning to office with Pitt in May 1804 he became Master of the Mint, and was President of the Board of Trade and Master of the Mint during the ministries of the Duke of Portland and Spencer Perceval, only vacating these posts in June 1812 to become Secretary of State for War and the Colonies under Lord Liverpool. For two months during the year 1809 he was in charge of the foreign office. He was Secretary for War and the Colonies until Liverpool resigned in April 1827; and deserves some credit for improving the conduct of the Peninsular War, while it was his duty to defend the government concerning its treatment of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Bathurst's official position caused his name to be mentioned frequently during the agitation for the abolition of slavery, and with regard to this traffic he seems to have been animated by a humane spirit. The current capital of The Gambia, Banjul, was originally named Bathurst after the earl. He was Lord President of the Council in the government of the Duke of Wellington from 1828 to 1830, and favoured the removal of the disabilities of Roman Catholics, but was a sturdy opponent of the Reform Bill of 1832. The Earl, who had four sons and two daughters, died on 27 July 1834. Bathurst was made a Knight of the Garter in 1817, and held several lucrative sinecures.

Family[edit]

Lord Bathurst married Lady Georgiana, daughter of Lord George Henry Lennox, in April 1789. He died in July 1834, aged 72, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, Henry. His daughter Lady Emily Charlotte Bathurst (d. 1877) married Frederick Cavendish Ponsonby. Lady Bathurst died in January 1841, aged 75.

Legacy[edit]

Bathurst was portrayed by Christopher Lee in the South African television series Shaka Zulu.

Places named after Bathurst

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Whitshed
Samuel Blackwell
Member of Parliament for Cirencester
1783–1794
With: Samuel Blackwell to 1785
Richard Master 1785–1792
Robert Preston from 1792
Succeeded by
Michael Hicks-Beach
Robert Preston
Political offices
Preceded by
John Smyth
Master of the Mint
1804–1806
Succeeded by
Lord Charles Spencer
Preceded by
The Lord Auckland
President of the Board of Trade
1807–1812
Succeeded by
The Earl of Clancarty
Preceded by
Charles Bathurst
Master of the Mint
1807–1812
Preceded by
George Canning
Foreign Secretary
1809
Succeeded by
The Marquess Wellesley
Preceded by
The Earl of Liverpool
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
1812–1827
Succeeded by
The Viscount Goderich
Preceded by
The Duke of Portland
Lord President of the Council
1828–1830
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Lansdowne
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Bathurst
Earl Bathurst
1794–1834
Succeeded by
Henry Bathurst