Henry Bell Gilkeson
Henry Bell Gilkeson
|Member of the West Virginia Senate
from the 12th district
Serving with Solomon Cunningham
|Preceded by||Samuel Lightfoot Flournoy|
|Succeeded by||John B. Finley|
|Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates
from the Hampshire County district
|Preceded by||Alexander W. Monroe|
|Succeeded by||Amos L. Pugh|
|Preceded by||James Sloan Kuykendall|
|Succeeded by||Robert Pugh Monroe|
|Principal of the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind|
|Preceded by||John Collins Covell|
|Succeeded by||C. H. Hill|
Hampshire County Schools
|Preceded by||A. M. Alverson|
|Succeeded by||Charles N. Hiett|
|President of the Bank of Romney|
|Succeeded by||John J. Cornwell|
June 6, 1850|
Moorefield, Virginia (now West Virginia), United States
|Died||September 29, 1921
Mountain Lake Park, Maryland, United States
|Resting place||Indian Mound Cemetery, Romney, West Virginia, United States|
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Katherine Paxton|
|Relations||Robert B. Gilkeson (father)
Sarah E. Gilkeson (mother)
Edward M. Gilkeson (brother)
|Children||Laura P. Gilkeson
Robert William Gilkeson
Henry B. Gilkeson
|Residence||Romney, West Virginia, United States|
|Alma mater||Hampden–Sydney College|
|Profession||lawyer, politician, school administrator, and banker|
Henry Bell Gilkeson (June 6, 1850 – September 29, 1921) was an American lawyer, politician, school administrator, and banker in the U.S. state of West Virginia. Gilkeson served in the West Virginia Legislature as a state senator representing the 12th District in the West Virginia Senate (1890–1893) and as a member of the West Virginia House of Delegates (1883–1885 and 1909–1911). Gilkeson also served as superintendent of Hampshire County Schools (1877–1879), the mayor of Romney (beginning in 1885), principal of the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind (1887–1888), and the first president of the Bank of Romney (1888–1913).
Early life and education
Henry Bell Gilkeson was born in Moorefield, Virginia (now West Virginia) on June 6, 1850. He was the eldest child of Robert B. Gilkeson and his wife, Sarah E. Gilkeson, both of Scottish ancestry. His father was a prominent dry goods merchant in Romney, where Gilkeson and his brother, Edward M. Gilkeson, were raised.
Following his graduation from Hampden–Sydney College, Gilkeson became a schoolteacher and later served as superintendent of the Hampshire County Schools district from 1877 to 1879. Before 1886, Gilkeson was elected a member of the Romney Literary Society together with his brother.
West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind
From 1876 to 1888 Gilkeson served as a member and secretary of the fourth, fifth, and sixth Board of Regents of the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind, a position through which he familiarized himself with the school's efforts to educate its deaf and blind students.
In 1887, upon the death of the schools' principal, John Collins Covell, Gilkeson was selected by the Board of Regents to serve as principal of the institution. He left his lucrative law practice and accepted the position under the condition that he serve as an interim principal while the Board of Regents sought a more suitable candidate to build upon Covell's initiatives and reforms. Gilkeson believed that only administrators and educators fluent in sign language should be appointed to serve in the School for the Deaf, and during his tenure as principal, he found that personnel who relied on interpreters did not receive "satisfactory results". During his tenure, the position of principal included the roles of clerk, bookkeeper, steward, and final arbiter of matters in the classroom. While he lacked special training for the position, Gilkeson's business experience allowed him to run the schools in an economically efficient manner, which pleased the schools' Board of Regents.
In the summer of 1888, Gilkeson was delegated by the Board to Regents to attend the Conference of Superintendents and Principals of American Schools for the Deaf in New York City and select the most fitting candidate present or recommended to replace him as principal of the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind. Gilkeson tendered an offer to C. H. Hill, an instructor at the Maryland School for the Deaf, and upon Gilkeson's return to Romney, his recommendation of Hill, and his resignation, Hill was appointed by the Board to fill his position.
Although Gilkeson resumed the practice of law and pursued a political career, he continued his involvement with and advocacy for the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind, especially through his influence as a prominent lawyer and state legislator. Gilkeson used his position as a state legislator to condemn and hold accountable the officials responsible for the mismanagement of the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind, and often interceded on the schools' behalf following Hill's retirement due to political reasons. Gilkeson was displeased with the state's political interference in the schools, and the "multiplication" of positions within the institution that were filled with personnel who had political or business ties but lacked prior knowledge or experience with deaf and blind education.
Law and political careers
Following his tenure as superintendent of Hampshire County Schools, Gilkeson undertook the study of law and started a law practice in Romney; he subsequently became a prominent lawyer in the community. His law office was located on Main Street in Romney, two blocks from the West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind. Due to his preeminence in the legal field and high standing in the community, Gilkeson served as dean of the Hampshire County Bar Association.
Gilkeson was twice elected to represent Hampshire County as a member of the West Virginia House of Delegates for the 1883–1885 and 1909–1911 legislative sessions. He was also elected to represent the 12th District, consisting of Grant, Hampshire, Hardy, Mineral, and Pendleton counties, in the West Virginia Senate in 1890, following the resignation of Samuel Lightfoot Flournoy. Gilkeson served the remainder of Flournoy's term until 1893. Gilkeson also served as the mayor of Romney, West Virginia beginning in 1885.
Gilkeson served on the board of directors as the first president of the Bank of Romney after it was granted its charter by the West Virginia Legislature on September 3, 1888 and was opened on 20 December 1888. During Gilkeson's tenure as president, the Bank of Romney occupied two rooms on the ground floor of the Wirgman Building, where the city's previous bank, the Bank of the Valley of Virginia, was located prior to the American Civil War. Gilkeson served as the president of the Bank of Romney until his retirement in 1913, when he was succeeded by John J. Cornwell, 15th Governor of West Virginia.
Later life and death
Gilkeson resided in Romney for the majority of his life and was involved in most of the community's organizations as either a leader, officer, or stockholder. Gilkeson's wife, Mary Katherine, predeceased him in 1910. In his later years, Gilkeson suffered from allergic rhinitis and experienced a "physical breakdown" following the death of his son, Robert William Gilkeson, on October 2, 1918, during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive of World War I and shortly before the Armistice with Germany. On account of his increasingly failing health, Gilkeson spent the summer of 1921 in Mountain Lake Park, Maryland to recuperate. About a week before his death, Gilkeson fell down a flight of porch steps at his vacation residence, fracturing a number of bones. He died on September 29, 1921, in Mountain Lake Park and his funeral was held on the anniversary of his son's death on October 2, 1921. Gilkeson is interred with his wife Mary Katherine at Indian Mound Cemetery in Romney, West Virginia.
In recounting Gilkeson's achievements to the Conference of Superintendents and Principals of American Schools for the Deaf following his death, West Virginia Schools for the Deaf and Blind instructor Charles D. Seaton said of Gilkeson:
Marriage and family
- Laura P. Gilkeson
- Robert William Gilkeson
- Henry B. Gilkeson
Gilkeson was active in the Presbyterian Church in Hampshire County and served as a trustee for the Presbytery of Winchester along with Samuel Lightfoot Flournoy. In 1881, Gilkeson and his fellow trustees were instrumental in securing from Amos L. and Allie G. Pugh a house and a large, partially wooded land lot in Capon Bridge for use by the Presbytery as a centrally located manse in Hampshire County. Gilkeson remained a trustee of the Presbytery from 1876 until his death in 1921.
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