Henry Benson, Baron Benson
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Benson
|Born||Henry Alexander Benson
2 August 1909
Johannesburg, South Africa
|Died||5 March 1995
Chichester, Sussex, England
Henry Alexander Benson, Baron Benson GBE (2 August 1909 – 5 March 1995) was a British accountant best known as a partner of Coopers & Lybrand, an advisor to the Bank of England, his work organising the accountancy profession as president of ICAEW and for the part he played in various Royal Commissions.
Born in Johannesburg to Alexander Benson and his wife Florence Cooper, the daughter of Francis Cooper of Cooper Brothers & Co, Benson was educated initially in South Africa before moving to the United Kingdom in 1926, where he started training as an accountant with Cooper Brothers. After qualifying in 1932 he continued to work there, and became a salaried partner two years later at the age of 25. Following the outbreak of the Second World War Benson joined the Grenadier Guards as a second lieutenant, and was seconded to the Special Operations Executive in 1942 and then to the Ministry of Supply in 1944.
Benson helped build Coopers into an important international audit and accountancy firm as Coopers & Lybrand, and was the first living non-American elected to the Accounting Hall of Fame. He is known within the legal profession for his work on the Benson Commission, the report of which was one of the precursors of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990.
Benson was born on 2 August 1909 in Johannesburg to Alexander Benson, a solicitor, and his wife Florence Cooper, daughter of Francis Cooper, one of the founders of Coopers & Lybrand. He was educated at Parktown Boys' High School where he Matriculated in 1925. During a visit to London when he was 14, Benson and his mother had a meeting at Cooper Brothers, at which the partners made Benson an offer of employment as soon as he left school. He took up the offer in October 1926, and began as an articled clerk. Benson qualified as an Associate Chartered Accountant in 1932, coming eleventh in the intermediate examination and fourth in the final examination out of 1088 candidates.
Coopers & Lybrand and war work
After the start of the Second World War in 1939 Benson became a second lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards thanks to the influence of his uncle D'Arcy Cooper and Viscount Trenchard. Benson spent a period guarding Windsor Castle, and while there wrote a report on improving the ways in which the soldiers communicated. In 1942 he was promoted to Major and transferred to the Special Operations Executive, where he stayed for two years until he was promoted to Colonel and transferred to the Ministry of Supply to help reorganise munitions factories. Benson became Director of Operations (accounts), putting him in charge of 100,000 people, and by the time he left the army in 1945 he was an acting Brigadier. After leaving the army he was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in recognition of the work he had done.
After returning to Coopers after the end of the Second World War, Benson became enthusiastic about expanding the firm, something the firm's senior partner Stuart Cooper disagreed with. After several meetings in 1946 Cooper resigned, and Benson and his coworker Sydney John Pears took the reins of the company. They immediately overhauled the way the company was organised, and Benson published an internal manual governing how audits were to be conducted, which later became Cooper's Manual of Auditing, the standard textbook for accountancy students in the United Kingdom.
In 1956 the American accounting firm Lybrand, Ross Brothers and Montgomery contacted Coopers and offered to sell them their London and Paris branches, an offer Benson accepted. This was seen as an opportunity to expand overseas, and from 1 January 1957 the company began working internationally and became known as Coopers & Lybrand. By the time Benson retired from Coopers in 1975 the company had 2,207 employees in the United Kingdom and 16,179 overseas, and Coopers & Lybrand was a leading audit and accountancy firm.
In 1956 Benson became a member of the Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England & Wales, a position he held until 1975. He served as its Vice-President from 1965 to 1966, when he became President. As President he saw the importance of international auditing standards, and was a founding member of the International Accounting Standards Committee. Benson became its first chairman in 1973, and was initially meant to retire after a year before he was persuaded to stay on until 1976. After his retirement in 1975 his main focus was on his work as an advisor to the Bank of England, but he also took on various jobs for the British Government.
In 1962, on the recommendation of Dr Richard Beeching, the Government of Northern Ireland commissioned Benson to report on the future of the railways of the Ulster Transport Authority. In 1963 Benson submitted his report, which recommended closing all railways in Northern Ireland except the Belfast commuter lines to Bangor, County Down and Larne and the main line between Belfast and the Republic of Ireland, and the reduction of the main line between Portadown and the Republic to single track.
Later in the 1960s Benson chaired a Committee of Enquiry for The Jockey Club into the UK's horse-racing industry. Its report was published in June 1968.
In 1976 he became chairman of the Royal Commission on Legal Services, which became known as the Benson Commission due to his involvement. The Commission was asked to "examine the structure, organisation, training and regulation of the legal profession and to recommend those changes that would be desirable to the interests of justice", and after three years produced a report "meticulously researched and backed by statistics, of the services given by the legal profession; it swept aside all cobwebs and displayed a deep understanding of all aspects of the framework and practices of the law". The report did not go as far as some reformers desired; it ruled out the possibility of partnerships between barristers, upheld the idea that a split profession (one with both solicitors and barristers, in contrast to a fused profession) and also rejected the suggestion to allow solicitors rights of audience in the High Court.
Despite this it contained several organisational suggestions for a profession with little in the way of straightforward organisation, such as a Council of Legal Services to advise the Lord Chancellor and a single unified body for barristers, rather than having both the Inns of Court and the Bar. Little of the report was acted on
Benson married Anne Virginia "Ginny" Macleod on 2 September 1939. They had three children – Peter Benson in 1940, who later became a partner in Coopers & Lybrand and twins Michael and Phyllida Benson in 1943. Both his wife and children survived Benson, who died on 5 March 1995 in Chichester, Sussex.
Awards and recognition
Benson received many awards for his work, both official and industrial. He was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1946 and was raised to a Knight Grand Cross in 1971. In 1981 he was made a life peer as Baron Benson, of Drovers in the County of West Sussex. He became treasurer of the Open University in 1975 and a trustee of the Times Trust in 1967. In 1983 he became an Honorary Bencher of the Inner Temple, and in 1984 he became the first living non-American to be inducted into the Accounting Hall of Fame. In 1995 PricewaterhouseCoopers established a bursary in his name for students studying at the London School of Economics.
- Jenkins, Brian (13 March 1995). "OBITUARY:Lord Benson". London: The Independent. Retrieved 25 May 2009.
- Edwards, John Richard (2004). "'Benson, Henry Alexander, Baron Benson (1909–1995)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/67861. Retrieved 25 May 2009. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- "Fisher College of Business – Lord Benson". Fisher College of Business. Retrieved 25 May 2009.
- "BENSON: Who's Who". Who's Who. Retrieved 25 May 2009.
- Camfferman (2007) p.61
- "Ulster Transport Authority". Irish Railways: 1946 – 1996. Irish Railway Record Society. 7 January 2004. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
- White (1991) p.4
- Zander (2007) p.752
- Mothersole (1999) p.82
- Jackson (1989) p.486
- The London Gazette: . 4 June 1946. Retrieved 29 May 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 1970. Retrieved 29 May 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 5 February 1981. Retrieved 29 May 2009.
- "Lord Benson Awards celebrate tenth anniversary with LSE". London School of Economics. 2005. Retrieved 25 May 2009.
- Camfferman, Kees; Stephen A. Zeff (2007). Financial reporting and global capital markets: a history of the International Accounting Standards Committee, 1973–2000. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-929629-4.
- Jackson, Richard Meredith; J. R. Spencer (1989). Jackson's Machinery of Justice (8th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-31767-3.
- Mothersole, Brenda; Ann Ridley (1999). A-level law in action (2nd ed.). Cengage Learning EMEA. ISBN 0-333-72780-0.
- White, Robin (1991). A Guide to the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990. London: Fourmat Publishing. ISBN 1-85190-120-5.
- Zander, Michael (2007). Cases and Materials on the English Legal System (10th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-67540-5.