Henry Bentinck (British Army officer)

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Sir
Henry Bentinck
KCB
Photograph of Sir Henry John William Bentinck, three-quarter portrait, standing, facing right with hand in shirt
three-quarter portrait, Crimea 1855
Born (1796-09-08)8 September 1796
Died 29 September 1878(1878-09-29) (aged 82)
Occupation Soldier

General Sir Henry John William Bentinck KCB (8 September 1796 – 29 September 1878)[1] was a British soldier and courtier.

Background[edit]

He was the third and youngest son of Major-General John Charles Bentinck and his wife Jemima Helena, eldest daughter of Frederick de Ginkell, 6th Earl of Athlone.[2] His older brothers were the generals William Bentinck, 3rd Count Bentinck and Charles Bentinck, 4th Count Bentinck.[3]

Early career[edit]

Bentinck entered the British Army as ensign in March 1813 and was commissioned into the Coldstream Guards.[1] He rose to lieutenant in 1820 and to captain nine years thereafter.[4] In 1841, he was appointed an aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria with the rank of an brevet-colonel.[5] Bentinck was promoted to major in 1846[6] and five years later he purchased a lieutenant-colonelship.[7]

Crimean war[edit]

With the begin of the Baltic Campaign of 1854, he was transferred with his regiment to the Crimea and in June 1854 he was advanced to a major-general.[8] Bentinck fought in the Battle of Alma in September of the latter year and having received command of the 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot in the Battle of Balaclava on 25 October.[9] A month later, he was shot in the arm in the Battle of Inkerman and then took part in the Siege of Sevastopol with the second division.[9] Following the death of Sir George Cathcart, he was attached to the fourth division, however aftereffects of his wound delayed his accession until June 1855.[1]

Later life[edit]

After his return to England he was awarded a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath and a Commandeur of the French Légion d'honneur for his services in Russia.[9] He was decorated with the Crimea Medal with four clasps and with the Sardinian Medal.[1] In 1858, Bentinck obtained the 2nd class of the Turkish Order of the Medjidie.[10] Bentinck was nominated Groom in Waiting in Ordinary to the Queen in 1859, a post he held for the next eight years.[11] In 1860, he was promoted to lieutenant-general[4] and in 1865, he received a commission as honorary colonel of the 1st London Artillery Volunteer Corps.[12] He was made a full general in December 1867[4] and finally retired after another decade in service.[13]

Family[edit]

In 1829, he married his distant cousin Renira Antoinette, the daughter of Admiral James Hawkins Whitshed.[9] By her mother Sophia Henrietta, the daughter of John Albert Bentinck, she was just as her husband a descendant of William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland.[3] Their marriage was childless.[1] Bentinck died at Grosvenor Street in London on 29 September 1878, aged 82 and was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery.[1] His wife survived him for eleven years.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f  Boase, George Clement (1885). "Bentinck, Henry John William". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 284. 
  2. ^ Walford, Edward (1860). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Robert Hardwicke. p. 46. 
  3. ^ a b c "ThePeerage - Sir Henry John William Bentinck". Retrieved 7 November 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c Hart, H. G. (1868). The New Annual Army List, Militia List and Imperial Yeomanry List. London: John Murray. p. 282. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20044. p. 3012. 23 November 1841. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20664. p. 4260. 13 November 1846. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21238. p. 2147. 22 August 1851. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21564. p. 1933. 22 June 1854. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  9. ^ a b c d Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. pp. 114–115. 
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22107. p. 1251. 2 March 1858. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22328. p. 4191. 22 November 1859. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23027. p. 4943. 20 October 1865. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24508. p. 5455. 2 October 1877. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
Military offices
Preceded by
John Duffy
Colonel of the 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot
1854 – 1878
Succeeded by
Thomas Brooke
New office Honorary Colonel of the 1st London Artillery Volunteer Corps
1865 – 1868
Succeeded by
The Duke of Edinburgh
Court offices
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Stovin
Groom in Waiting in Ordinary
1859 – 1867
Succeeded by
Francis Seymour