Henry Biziou

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Henry Arthur Richard Biziou
Nickname(s) "Weegee"
Born (1896-09-18)18 September 1896
Died 14 July 1919(1919-07-14) (aged 22)
Farnborough, Hampshire, England
Allegiance British Empire
Service/branch Aviation
Rank Captain
Unit No. 42 Squadron RFC, No. 87 Squadron RAF
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross

Captain Henry Arthur Richard Biziou was a World War I flying ace credited with eight aerial victories.

Early life[edit]

Henry Arthur Richard Biziou was born on 18 September 1896, birthplace unknown.[1] He would become known as "Weegee" in later life.[2]

World War I[edit]

Biziou was already serving in the Yorkshire Regiment on 31 May 1916, when he was posted to the army's General List as a temporary second lieutenant to meet wartime needs.[3] He began duty as an aerial observer,[4] probably with 42 Squadron,[5] on 6 October 1916, and was transferred to the Royal Flying Corps General List on 23 November 1916.[6] On 1 April 1917, he was promoted to temporary lieutenant.[7]

He then trained as a pilot, including the course at the School of Special Flying at Gosport. He was then posted to 87 Squadron and landed in France in April 1918. He flew a Sopwith Dolphin, and scored the squadron's first victory on 6 May 1918. Over time, he ran off a tally of two reconnaissance planes and five fighters destroyed, and another fighter driven down out of control by 22 September 1918.[8]

In the midst of this string of victories, Biziou was promoted to temporary captain on 2 July 1918.[9]

Post World War I[edit]

Biziou remained in the Royal Air Force after the war. The Distinguished Flying Cross he had won for his exploits was finally gazetted on 3 December 1918:

A most successful leader of marked gallantry. During recent operations he has destroyed four enemy aeroplanes and driven down one out of control; two of these he accounted for in one engagement on September 15th with a number of Fokker biplanes. In addition he has driven down a hostile balloon.[10]

Bizou was stationed at RAF Farnborough postwar. He was killed in a collision with a Bristol F.2 Fighter on 14 July 1919.[11] He is buried in Aldershot Military Cemetery.[12]

References[edit]

Endnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Above the Trenches, p. 78.
  2. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/biziou.php Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  3. ^ The London Gazette, 30 May 1916, p. 5326. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29600/pages/5326 Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  4. ^ The London Gazette, 9 March 1917, pp. 2379, 2382. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29976/pages/2382; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29976/pages/2382 Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  5. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/biziou.php Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  6. ^ The London Gazette, 9 March 1917, pp. 2379, 2382. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29976/pages/2382; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29976/pages/2382 Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  7. ^ Flight, 10 January 1918, p. 52. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1918/1918%20-%200056.html Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  8. ^ Above the Trenches, pp. 78-79.
  9. ^ The London Gazette, 19 July 1918, p. 8504. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30803/pages/8504 Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  10. ^ Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 December 1918, pp. 14317-14318. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31046/supplements/14317; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31046/supplements/14318 Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  11. ^ Above the Trenches, p. 78.
  12. ^ http://www.cwgc.org/search/SearchResults.aspx?surname=biziou&initials=&war=0&yearfrom=1900&yearto=2000&force=&nationality=&send.x=0&send.y=0 Retrieved 30 November 2011.