Henry Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Hampden
GCB PC
Henry Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden.jpg
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
1872–1884
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Evelyn Denison
Succeeded by Sir Arthur Wellesley Peel
Personal details
Born 24 December 1814 (1814-12-24)
Died 14 March 1892(1892-03-14) (aged 77)
Pau, France
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Eliza Ellice (1818-1899)

Henry Bouverie William Brand, 23rd Baron Dacre and 1st Viscount Hampden GCB, PC (24 December 1814 – 14 March 1892), was a British Liberal politician. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1872 to 1884.

Background and education[edit]

Brand was the second son of General Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre, who inherited the barony in 1851, second son of Thomas Brand and Gertrude Roper, 19th Baroness Dacre. His mother was Pyne, daughter of the Very Reverend the Hon. Maurice Crosbie, Dean of Limerick, son of the 1st Lord Brandon (Brandon's wife was a granddaughter of Sir William Petty, FRS). He descended, almost directly, from Colonel John Hampden, the patriot; his forebear Sir John Trevor III (1624-72) of Plas Teg, son of Sir John Trevor II of Plas Teg and Trevalun, by Anne daughter of Sir Edmund Hampden of Wendover, had married John Hampden's daughter Ruth, who was his first cousin. That is to say the 19th Baron Dacre (aka Gertrude Roper (d.1819) wife to Thomas Brand V (1749-94)) was the great-great-granddaughter of The Patriot.

He was educated at Eton and was a member of Brook's, Reform and Athenaeum clubs. Brand was in the Coldstream Guards for 12 years, from 20 April 1832 until 6 September 1844. He was their 963rd officer. His father, the General, had been their 690th officer serving 28 years between 1793 and 1821.

Political career[edit]

Brand entered parliament as a Liberal in 1852, sat for Cambridgeshire, and for some time was Chief Whip of his party. He was a Lord of the Treasury during the first Palmerston ministry, and Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury during the second. At some point he was Keeper of the Privy Seal to the Prince of Wales. In 1872 he was elected speaker, and retained this post till February 1884. It fell to him to deal with the systematic obstruction of the Irish Nationalist Party, and his speakership is memorable for his action on 2 February 1881 in refusing further debate on W. E. Forster's Coercion Bill—a step which led to the formal introduction of the closure into parliamentary procedure. He was appointed a GCB in 1881 and on his retirement he was created Viscount Hampden, of Glynde in the County of Sussex. In 1890 he also succeeded in the barony of Dacre on the death of his brother.

Estates[edit]

According to John Bateman, who derived his information from statistics published in 1873, Hon. Sir Henry Bouverie William Brand, G.C.B., of Glynde, Lewes, had 8,846 acres in Sussex (worth 8,121 guineas per annum).

Family[edit]

Lord Hampden married Eliza (1818-8 March 1899, Pelham House, Lewes), daughter of General Robert Ellice by his wife Eliza, illegitimate daughter of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey by Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, in 1838. They had five sons and five daughters. His second son the Hon. Thomas Seymour Brand (1847–1916) was a Rear-Admiral in the Royal Navy and inherited Glynde Place, while his third son the Hon. Arthur Brand was also a Liberal politician. Lord Hampden died on the 14th of March 1892, aged 77, and was succeeded in the viscountcy by his eldest son Henry. Lady Hampden died in March 1899.

References[edit]

Detail of Tissot's caricature of Mr. Speaker, in Vanity Fair, November 1872, No. 211, Statesman, No. 129.

External links[edit]


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Perfect
Henry Fitzroy
Member of Parliament for Lewes
1852–1868
With: Henry Fitzroy 1852–1860
John George Blencowe 1860–1865
Lord Pelham 1865–1868
Succeeded by
Lord Pelham
Preceded by
Richard Young
Lord George Manners
Viscount Royston
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
18681884
With: Viscount Royston 1868–1874
Lord George Manners 1868–1874
Elliot Yorke 1874–1879
Benjamin Rodwell 1874–1881
Edward Hicks 1879–1884
James Redfoord Bulwer 1881–1884
Succeeded by
Arthur Thornhill
James Redfoord Bulwer
Edward Hicks
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir William Jolliffe, Bt
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
1859–1866
Succeeded by
Thomas Edward Taylor
Preceded by
Evelyn Denison
Speaker of the House of Commons
1872–1884
Succeeded by
Arthur Wellesley Peel
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Chichester
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
1886–1892
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Abergavenny
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Hampden
2nd creation
1884–1892
Succeeded by
Henry Robert Brand
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Trevor
Baron Dacre
1st creation
1890–1892
Succeeded by
Henry Robert Brand