Henry Moubray Cadell of Grange, FRSE (1860-1934) was a Scottish geologist and geographer, noted for his work on the Moine Thrust, the oil-shale fields of West Lothian, and his experiments in mountain building published in 1888. He also travelled extensivelly abroad, for example in 1899 he travelled the length of the Irrawaddy River in Burma.
He was a great, great grandson of the pioneering industrilaist William Cadell, co-founder of the Carron Iron Works.
He was educated at the University of Edinburgh and the Clausthal Royal Mining Academy in Germany, before entering the employment of the Geological Survey of Scotland. He was a leading figure in the Royal Scottish Geographical Society, first as Chairman of its Council (1919-1924), then Vice-President (1927-1934).