Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle

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The Duke of Newcastle.
Frances Pierrepont, Duchess of Newcastle (Mary Beale)

Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG, PC (24 June 1630 – 26 July 1691), styled Viscount Mansfield until 1676, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1676, and then inherited the dukedom.

Cavendish was the only son of William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and his first wife, Elizabeth Basset. His maternal grandparents were William Basset and Judith Austen, daughter of Thomas Austen.

In April 1660, Lord Mansfield was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Derbyshire in the Convention Parliament. He was elected MP for Northumberland in 1661 for the Cavalier Parliament. In 1676 inherited the title as Duke of Newcastle.

Family[edit]

In 1652, Henry married Frances Pierrepont (b. 1 September 1630 in Thoresby, Nottinghamshire, d. 23 September 1695 in London) and they had six children:

The department of Manuscripts and Special Collections, The University of Nottingham holds a number of papers relating to the 2nd Duke of Newcastle: the Cavendish Papers (Pw 1), part of the Portland (Welbeck) Collection, includes some of his personal papers; and the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection (Ne) includes estate papers and family settlements from the time of the 2nd Duke.

Styles from birth to death[edit]

Welbeck Abbey in the 17th century
  • Viscount Mansfield (1630–1660)
  • Viscount Mansfield, MP (1660–1676)
  • His Grace The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1676–1677)
  • His Grace The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG (1677–1679)
  • His Grace The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG, PC (1679–1691)

External links[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Unknown
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
with John Ferrers

1660–1661
Succeeded by
Lord Cavendish
John Frescheville
Preceded by
Sir William Fenwick, Bt
Ralph Delaval
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
with Sir William Fenwick, Bt

1661–1676
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Delaval, Bt
Sir John Fenwick, Bt
Court offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Master of the Robes
1660–1662
Succeeded by
Hon. Laurence Hyde
Military offices
Preceded by
The Lord Widdrington
Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed
1675–1686
Succeeded by
The Lord Widdrington
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Northumberland
Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland
jointly with The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1670–1676

1670–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Preceded by
The Lord Widdrington
Custos Rotulorum of Northumberland
1675–1688
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Custos Rotulorum of Derbyshire
1677–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Devonshire
Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Nottinghamshire
1677–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
Preceded by
The Earl of Mulgrave
Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire
1688–1689
Preceded by
The Viscount Fairfax of Emley
Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
1688–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl Fauconberg
Preceded by
Lord Thomas Howard
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire
1688–1689
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Carmarthen
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent

1677–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Cavendish
Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1676–1691
Extinct