Henry County, Alabama

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Henry County, Alabama
Henry County, Alabama Courthouse.JPG
Henry County Courthouse in Abbeville
Map of Alabama highlighting Henry County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 13, 1819
Named for Patrick Henry
Seat Abbeville
Largest city Headland
Area
 • Total 568.33 sq mi (1,472 km2)
 • Land 561.80 sq mi (1,455 km2)
 • Water 6.53 sq mi (17 km2), 1.15%
Population
 • (2010) 17,302
 • Density 31/sq mi (11.8/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.henrycountyalabama.org

Henry County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of Patrick Henry (1736–1799), famous orator and Governor of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, its population was 17,302.[1] Its county seat is Abbeville.

Henry County is part of the Dothan, Alabama, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Henry County was established on December 13, 1819 by the Alabama Territorial Legislature. The area was ceded by the Creek Indian Nation in 1814 under the Treaty of Fort Jackson. Henry County was formed before the State of Alabama was organized. The area that includes Henry County had historically been part of the Lower Creek Confederacy. It was occupied for thousands of years before that by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. Abbeville was designated as the county seat in 1833.

Upon formation, Henry County was the largest county within Alabama, composing all or portions of the present counties of Barbour, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Geneva, Houston, and Pike. When the youngest county of Houston was formed in 1903, Henry became the smallest.

After 1814, the colonial settlers' developed Franklin as the first white settlement in the Creek territory. The former river port served Abbeville on the Chattahoochee River. Much of the original Henry County was part of the original Alabama wiregrass region.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 568.33 square miles (1,472.0 km2), of which 561.80 square miles (1,455.1 km2) (or 98.85%) is land and 6.53 square miles (16.9 km2) (or 1.15%) is water.[2]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,638
1830 4,020 52.4%
1840 5,787 44.0%
1850 9,019 55.8%
1860 14,918 65.4%
1870 14,191 −4.9%
1880 18,761 32.2%
1890 24,847 32.4%
1900 36,147 45.5%
1910 20,943 −42.1%
1920 21,547 2.9%
1930 22,820 5.9%
1940 21,912 −4.0%
1950 18,674 −14.8%
1960 15,286 −18.1%
1970 13,254 −13.3%
1980 15,302 15.5%
1990 15,374 0.5%
2000 16,310 6.1%
2010 17,302 6.1%
Est. 2012 17,287 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 16,310 people, 6,525 households, and 4,730 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 8,037 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.67% White, 32.30% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Nearly 1.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,525 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.90% were married couples living together, 14.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. Nearly 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47, and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,353, and the median income for a family was $36,555. Males had a median income of $29,189 versus $20,827 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,681. About 14.50% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.00% of those under age 18 and 20.60% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved February 13, 2011. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°30′46″N 85°14′04″W / 31.51278°N 85.23444°W / 31.51278; -85.23444