Henry County, Georgia

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Henry County, Georgia
McDonough courthouse.jpg
Map of Georgia highlighting Henry County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded May 15, 1821
Named for Patrick Henry
Seat McDonough
Largest city Stockbridge
Area
 • Total 327 sq mi (847 km2)
 • Land 322 sq mi (834 km2)
 • Water 4.4 sq mi (11 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010) 203,922
 • Density 633/sq mi (244/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 10th, 13th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.henry.ga.us

Henry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 203,922.[1] The county seat is McDonough.[2] The county was named for Patrick Henry, Revolutionary War firebrand and champion of individual rights, to whom the slogan "give me liberty, or give me death" is attributed.[3]

Henry County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is home to the Atlanta Motor Speedway in Hampton. The Henry County Courthouse (McDonough, Georgia) is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It has been the 10th-fastest growing county in the nation.[4]

History[edit]

Henry County, Georgia was created by the Georgia State Legislature in 1821 from land acquired from the Creek Indian Nation by the First Treaty of Indian Springs. Henry's original land area was much larger than it is today, stretching from near Indian Springs (present-day Indian Springs State Park) in the south to the Chattahoochee River near Sandy Springs in the north; encompassing most of present day Metropolitan Atlanta. Before one year passed the size of the County was diminished through the separation of land areas which, in whole or in part, became present day DeKalb, Fulton, Fayette and Newton Counties. Later divisions resulted in Clayton, Spalding, Rockdale and Butts Counties.

In the beginning Henry County was a virgin wilderness, having just been ceded from the Creek Nation. Prior to 1821, the Creeks and a few trappers and traders were the only residents of this area. The Creek Indians left their mark through place names, a few small Indian Mounds scattered around the County and through the arrowheads and broken pottery which can be found throughout Henry County.

Jesse Johnson, son of John Johnson and great-grandfather of U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson, was a "first settler" of Henry County. He was a prosperous farmer, sheriff (1822–1835), and judge, before he fled to Alabama.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 327 square miles (850 km2), of which 322 square miles (830 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (1.4%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 10,566
1840 11,756 11.3%
1850 14,726 25.3%
1860 10,702 −27.3%
1870 10,102 −5.6%
1880 14,193 40.5%
1890 16,220 14.3%
1900 18,602 14.7%
1910 19,927 7.1%
1920 20,420 2.5%
1930 15,924 −22.0%
1940 15,119 −5.1%
1950 15,857 4.9%
1960 17,619 11.1%
1970 23,724 34.7%
1980 36,309 53.0%
1990 58,741 61.8%
2000 119,341 103.2%
2010 203,922 70.9%
Est. 2013 211,128 3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 203,922 people, 70,255 households, and 54,445 families residing in the county. The population density was 649 people per square mile (250/km²). There were 76,533 housing units at an average density of 237 per square mile (92/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.0% White, 36.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. 5.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 70,255 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $64,251, and the median income for a family was $70,724. Males had a median income of $51,021 versus $40,203 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,949. About 7.6% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 119,341 people, 41,373 households, and 33,305 families residing in the county. The population density was 370 people per square mile (143/km²). There were 43,166 housing units at an average density of 134 per square mile (52/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.38% White, 14.68% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Census Estimates from the 2008 American Community Survey indicate that the African-American population is 32.6%.

There were 41,373 households out of which 42.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.40% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.50% were non-families. 15.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 34.90% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 7.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,309, and the median income for a family was $61,607. Males had a median income of $41,449 versus $29,211 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,945. About 3.70% of families and 4.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.50% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Local public schools are run by the Henry County School System.

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Austin Road Elementary School
  • Bethlehem Elementary School
  • Cotton Indian Elementary School
  • Dutchtown Elementary School
  • East Lake Elementary School
  • Fairview Elementary School
  • Flippen Elementary School
  • Hampton Elementary School
  • Hickory Flat Elementary School
  • Locust Grove Elementary School
  • Luella Elementary School
  • McDonough Elementary School
  • Mt. Carmel Elementary School
  • New Hope Elementary School
  • Oakland Elementary School
  • Ola Elementary School
  • Pate's Creek Elementary School
  • Pleasant Grove Elementary School
  • Red Oak Elementary School
  • Rock Spring Elementary School
  • Rocky Creek Elementary School
  • Smith Barnes Elementary School
  • Stockbridge Elementary School
  • Timber Ridge Elementary School
  • Tussahaw Elementary School
  • Union Grove Elementary School
  • Walnut Creek Elementary School
  • Wesley Lakes Elementary School
  • Woodland Elementary School

Middle schools[edit]

  • Austin Road Middle School
  • Dutchtown Middle School
  • Eagle's Landing Middle School
  • Hampton Middle School
  • Henry County Middle School
  • Locust Grove Middle School
  • Luella Middle School
  • Ola Middle School
  • Stockbridge Middle School
  • Union Grove Middle School
  • Woodland Middle School

High schools[edit]

Alternative schools[edit]

  • Patrick Henry Middle School
  • Patrick Henry High School
  • Mainstay Academy
  • Abc montesori

Private Schools[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Mercer University has a Regional Academic Center in McDonough. The center, opened in 2003, offers programs through the university's College of Continuing and Professional Studies and Mercer's Tift College of Education.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 155. 
  4. ^ http://www.mycountypaper.com/henrydailyherald/headlines/Henry_County_8th_most_populous_in_state_118629779.html
  5. ^ Caro, Robert A. (1983). The Path to Power. The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 15. ISBN 0394499735. LCCN 90201781. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°28′N 84°10′W / 33.46°N 84.16°W / 33.46; -84.16