Henry County, Illinois
|Henry County, Illinois|
Henry County Courthouse
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 13, 1825|
|Named for||Patrick Henry|
|• Total||826 sq mi (2,139 km2)|
|• Land||823 sq mi (2,132 km2)|
|• Water||2.7 sq mi (7 km2), 0.3%|
|• Density||61/sq mi (24/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Henry County was formed on January 13, 1825 out of Fulton County, Illinois. It is named in honor of Patrick Henry, Revolutionary War firebrand and champion of individual rights, to whom the slogan "give me liberty, or give me death" is attributed. The county was originally settled by "Yankees" (immigrants from New England and the western part of New York descended from the English Puritans whose ancestors settled New England in the colonial era). The New England settlers founded the five towns of Andover, Wethersfield, Geneseo, Morristown and La Grange. Before 1843, the land where Cambridge is currently located was the private property of a man named Rev. Ithamar Pillsbury, who was very well known amongst the Yankee settlers who were moving to Henry County in large numbers at that time. Reverend Pillsbury deeded a large portion of his land to the town council and they immediately agreed it was a good place to lay out a town. Lots were sold to incoming migrants and on June 9 of 1843 (after some quarreling among the town founders about how to finance it) construction began on the town. Roads were laid out, post routes established, public buildings erected and people were invited to move there. The original settlers were entirely of New England origins or were Yankees from upstate New York whose families had moved to that place from New England only one generation earlier, in the aftermath of the Revolutionary War. This resulted in Henry County being culturally very contiguous with early New England culture.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 826 square miles (2,140 km2), of which 823 square miles (2,130 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (0.3%) is water. It is the 29th largest of Illinois' 102 counties. The area is fairly flat, with elevations ranging from 650 feet above sea level in the northwest to 850 in the southeast. The land is mostly used for agriculture, about 456,596 acres (1,847.78 km2) or 86.7% of the county's land area. .
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Cambridge have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches (39 mm) in January to 4.32 inches (110 mm) in August.
- Whiteside County - northeast
- Bureau County - east
- Stark County - southeast
- Knox County - south
- Mercer County - west
- Rock Island County - northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 51,020 people, 20,056 households, and 14,299 families residing in the county. The population density was 62 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 21,270 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.19% White, .2% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 2.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.7% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.
There were 20,056 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 8.00% were single mothers, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,854, and the median income for a family was $48,413. Males had a median income of $34,436 versus $21,757 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,716. About 5.60% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.
Henry County is divided into twenty-four townships:
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original on 2006-05-14. Retrieved 2006-07-21.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 155.
- The expansion of New England: the spread of New England settlement and institutions to the Mississippi River, 1620-1865 page 215-216
- History Henry County, Illinois H.F. Kett & Company, 1877 page 177-178
- The expansion of New England: the spread of New England settlement and institutions to the Mississippi River, 1620-1865 by Louis Kimball Matthews page 215-216
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Cambridge, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Official website
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Henry County, Illinois
- Henry County Tourism Bureau
- Illinois Ancestors Henry County
- Henry County Historical Society
||Rock Island County||Whiteside County|
|Mercer County||Bureau County|
|Knox County||Stark County|