Henry Dworshak

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Henry Dworshak
Dworshak.jpg
United States Senator
from Idaho
In office
November 6, 1946 – January 3, 1949
October 14, 1949 – July 23, 1962
Preceded by Charles Gossett (1946)
Bert Miller (1949)
Succeeded by Bert Miller (1949)
Len Jordan (1962)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Idaho's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1939 – November 6, 1946
Preceded by D. Worth Clark
Succeeded by John Sanborn
Personal details
Born Henry Clarence
Dworshak, Jr.

(1894-08-29)August 29, 1894
Duluth, Minnesota
Died July 23, 1962(1962-07-23) (aged 67)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington, Virginia
Nationality United States
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Georgia B. Lowe Dworshak
(1889–1980)
(m. 1917–1962, his death)
Children 4 sons: Charles, Henry, Ward, and Calvin
Residence Burley
Profession Publisher
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch U.S. Army
Rank Sergeant
Unit 4th Antiaircraft
Machine Gun Battalion
Battles/wars World War I

Henry Clarence Dworshak, Jr. (August 29, 1894 – July 23, 1962) was a United States Senator and Congressman from Idaho. A Republican from Burley, he served over 22 years in the House and Senate.

Early years[edit]

Born in Duluth, Minnesota, Dworshak attended the local public schools and learned the printer's trade. During the First World War, he served as a Sergeant in the U.S. Army Fourth Antiaircraft Machine Gun Battalion in the American Expeditionary Forces. After the war, Dworshak managed a printing supply business in Duluth.

He moved west in 1924 to Burley, Idaho, to become the publisher and editor of the Burley Bulletin, a semi-weekly newspaper in Cassia County.[1][2] Dworshak became a public figure when he was elected president of the Idaho Editorial Association in 1931, and he was a prominent member of the American Legion and Rotary International. He was also a member of the Elks and a freemason.[2][3][4]

Congress[edit]

House[edit]

Dworshak ran for Congress in 1936 in Idaho's 2nd district,[4] but lost to incumbent D. Worth Clark. Two years later, Clark ran for U.S. Senator and won, and Dworshak won the open House seat in 1938 and was re-elected in 1940, 1942, and 1944.[1]

U.S. House elections (Idaho's 2nd district): Results 1936–1944
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct
1936 D. Worth Clark (inc.) 67,238 60.5% Henry Dworshak 43,834 39.5%
1938 Bert H. Miller 47,199 46.4% Henry Dworshak 54,527 53.6%
1940 Ira Masters 61,726 46.9% Henry Dworshak (inc.) 69,804 53.1%
1942 Ira Masters 37,815 45.2% Henry Dworshak (inc.) 45,805 54.8%
1944 Phil J. Evans 56,249 47.7% Henry Dworshak (inc.) 61,751 52.3%

Senate[edit]

Republican Senator John W. Thomas died in office in November 1945, and Democratic Governor Charles C. Gossett resigned to accept an appointment (by his successor) to fill the seat. Gossett failed to secure the nomination for the special election; Dworshak defeated state senator George Donart in the November 1946 election to complete the term. Two years later, Dworshak was defeated for a full term in the 1948 general election by former state attorney general Bert H. Miller.

Miller died of a heart attack in October 1949 after only nine months in office, and Dworshak was appointed his successor by Republican Governor C. A. Robins.[3] Dworshak won a special election in 1950, and was elected to full Senate terms in 1954 and 1960. A staunch isolationist like William Borah, Dworshak stood unwavering against overseas intervention, especially in U.S. affairs.[1]

U.S. Senate elections in Idaho (Class II): Results 1946–1960
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct
1946 George Donart 74,629 41.4% Henry Dworshak 105,523 58.6%
1948 Bert H. Miller 107,000 50.7% Henry Dworshak (inc.) 103,868 49.3%
1950 Claude J. Burtenshaw 97,092 48.1% Henry Dworshak (inc.^) 104,608 51.9%
1954 Glen Taylor 84,139 37.2% Henry Dworshak (inc.) 142,269 62.8%
1960 R.L. "Bob" McLaughlin 139,448 47.7% Henry Dworshak (inc.) 152,648 52.3%

Source:[5] ^Dworshak was appointed to the vacant seat in November 1946 and October 1949

Death[edit]

Dworshak died in office in July 1962 in Washington, D.C. and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.[2] He was succeeded by former Governor Len B. Jordan, who served until January 1973.

Legacy[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

  1. ^ a b c "Idaho's Dworshak claimed by death". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. July 24, 1962. p. 2. 
  2. ^ a b c Witti, Fritz (July 27, 1962). "Sen. Dworshak buried at National Cemetery". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. p. 1. 
  3. ^ a b "Dworshak is selected new Idaho senator". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. October 14, 1949. p. 1. 
  4. ^ a b "Clark-Dworshak in race for Congress". Lewiston Morning Tribune. October 21, 1936. p. 8. 
  5. ^ "Office of the Clerk: Election statistics". U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved March 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Dworshak Elementary School". Cassia County School District #151. Retrieved December 15, 2012. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
D. Worth Clark
United States House of Representatives, Idaho Second Congressional District
January 3, 1939–November 6, 1946
Succeeded by
John C. Sanborn
Party political offices
Preceded by
John W. Thomas
Republican Party nominee, U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Idaho
1946 special (won), 1948 (lost), 1950 special (won), 1954 (won), 1960 (won)
Succeeded by
Len Jordan
United States Senate
Preceded by
Charles C. Gossett
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Idaho
November 6, 1946–January 3, 1949
Served alongside: Glen H. Taylor
Succeeded by
Bert H. Miller
Preceded by
Bert H. Miller
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Idaho
October 14, 1949–July 23, 1962
Served alongside: Glen H. Taylor, Herman Welker, Frank Church
Succeeded by
Len Jordan