|Born||Henry Edward Garrett
January 27, 1894
|Died||June 26, 1973
|Spouse(s)||Mildred Burch (m. until 1973)|
Henry Edward Garrett (January 27, 1894 – June 26, 1973) was an American psychologist and segregationist. Garrett was President of the American Psychological Association in 1946 and Chair of Psychology at Columbia University from 1941 to 1955. After he left Columbia, he taught at the University of Virginia, where his racial ideas were supported by the dominant state political leadership represented by U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, who promoted Massive Resistance to school integration.
Early life and education
A.S. Winston chronicles, Garrett's involvement in the International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics (IAAEE), the journal Mankind Quarterly, the neofascist Northern League, and the ultra-right wing political group, the Liberty Lobby.
In the 1950s Garrett helped organize an international group of scholars dedicated to preventing "race-mixing", preserving segregation, and promoting the principles of early 20th century eugenics and "race hygiene". Garrett was a strong opponent of the 1954 United States Supreme Court's desegregation decision in Brown v. Board of Education, which he predicted would lead to "total demoralization and then disorganization in that order." He had given testimony favoring secondary school segregation in the Virginia case that was combined into Brown.
He is credited with coining the term equalitarian dogma in 1961 to describe the by then mainstream view that there were no race differences in intelligence, or if there were, they were purely the result of environmental factors. He accused the Jews of spreading the dogma, and wrote that most Jewish organizations "belligerently support the equalitarian dogma which they accept as having been 'scientifically' proven" (Garrett, 1961).
He wrote in the White Citizens' Council monthly journal The Citizen, "Despite glamorized accounts to the contrary, the history of Black Africa over the past 5,000 years is largely a blank," and, "The crime record of the Negro in the United States is little short of scandalous" (Garrett 1968).
Garrett served as a Director of the Pioneer Fund in 1972–1973.
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1922). A study of the relation of accuracy to speed. New York, New York. LCCN 24008270.
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1926). Statistics in psychology and education. with an introduction by R.S. Woodworth. New York, New York: Longmans, Green and Co. LCCN 26004149.
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1930). Great experiments in psychology. New York, New York: The Century Company. LCCN 30012633.
- Garrett, Henry Edward; Matthew R. Schneck (1933). Psychological tests, methods, and results. New York, New York: Harper & Brothers. LCCN 33020547.
- Garrett, Henry Edward; Alice I. Bryan; Ruth E. Perl (1935). The age factor in mental organization. New York, New York. LCCN 35014992.
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1950). Psychology. New York, New York: American Book Company. LCCN 50006041.
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1956). Elementary statistics. New York, New York: Longmans, Green. LCCN 56006220.
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1959). Testing for teachers. New York, New York: American Book Co. LCCN 59016244.
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1964). The art of good teaching. New York, New York: D. McKay Company. LCCN 64013107.
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1967 or 8). Children: black and white. Kilmarnock, Virginia: Patrick Henry Press. LCCN 73171730. Check date values in:
- Garrett, Henry Edward (1973). IQ and racial differences. Cape Canaveral, FL: H. Allen. LCCN 73166371.
- "Henry E. Garrett, Psychologist, Dies." (FEE, VIA FAIRFAX COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY). New York Times. June 28, 1973. p. 50. Retrieved 2012-04-25. (subscription required)
- Whitman, Mark (2004) . "Part Two: The Trial Level, III. Rebuttal in Virginia, 3. Henry Garrett". Brown V. Board of Education: A Documentary History [Removing a badge of slavery] (paperback, alkaline paper ed.). Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, Inc. pp. 80–83. ISBN 1-55876-330-9. LCCN 2003026120.
- Winston, Andrew S. (Spring 1998). "Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby - International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology - Experts in the Service of Social Reform: SPSSI, Psychology, and Society, 1936-1996". Journal of Social Issues. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
- Garrett, H.E. (1980). I.Q. and Racial Differences. Newport Beach, CA: Noontide Press, 1980.
- Garrett, H.E. (1961). "The equalitarian dogma." Mankind Quarterly, 1. p. 256.
- Garrett, H.E. (1968) "Scientist Explains Race Differences," The Citizen, January, pp. 14–19.
- Winston, A. S. (1998). Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby. Journal of Social Issues, 54, no. 1, pp. 179–209.
Edwin Ray Guthrie
|54th President of the American Psychological Association
Carl Ransom Rogers