Henry Garrett

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For the mayor of Corpus Christi, Texas, see Henry Garrett (politician). For the New Zealand cooper and criminal, see Henry Beresford Garrett. For the U.S. Secretary of the Navy, see Henry L. Garrett III.
Professor
Henry Garrett
Ph.D.
Born Henry Edward Garrett
(1894-01-27)January 27, 1894
Virginia[citation needed]
Died June 26, 1973(1973-06-26) (aged 79)
Charlottesville, Virginia
Education
University of Richmond, bachelor's degree, 1915
Spouse(s) Mildred Burch (m. until 1973)
Notes

Henry Edward Garrett (27 January 1894 – 26 June 1973) was an American psychologist and segregationist. Garrett was President of the American Psychological Association in 1946 and Chair of Psychology at Columbia University from 1941 to 1955. After he left Columbia, he taught at the University of Virginia, where his racial ideas were supported by the dominant state political leadership represented by U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, who promoted Massive Resistance to school integration.

Life and career[edit]

A.S. Winston chronicles, Garrett's involvement in the International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics (IAAEE), the journal Mankind Quarterly, the neofascist Northern League, and the ultra-right wing political group, the Liberty Lobby.

In the 1950s Garrett helped organize an international group of scholars dedicated to preventing race mixing, preserving segregation, and promoting the principles of early 20th century eugenics and "race hygiene." Garrett was a strong opponent of the 1954 United States Supreme Court's desegregation decision in Brown v. Board of Education, which he predicted would lead to "total demoralization and then disorganization in that order." He had given testimony favoring secondary school segregation in the Virginia case that was combined into Brown.[2]

He is credited with coining the term equalitarian dogma in 1961 to describe the by then mainstream view that there were no race differences in intelligence, or if there were, they were purely the result of environmental factors. He accused the Jews of spreading the dogma, and wrote that most Jewish organizations "belligerently support the equalitarian dogma which they accept as having been 'scientifically' proven" (Garrett, 1961).[3]

He wrote in the White Citizens' Council monthly journal The Citizen, "Despite glamorized accounts to the contrary, the history of Black Africa over the past 5,000 years is largely a blank," and, "The crime record of the Negro in the United States is little short of scandalous" (Garrett 1968).

Garrett served as a Director of the Pioneer Fund in 1972–1973.

Bibliography[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Henry E. Garrett, Psychologist, Dies." (fee, via Fairfax County Public Library). New York Times. June 28, 1973. p. 50. Retrieved 2012-04-25.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ Whitman, Mark (2004) [1993]. "Part Two: The Trial Level, III. Rebuttal in Virginia, 3. Henry Garrett". Brown V. Board of Education: A Documentary History [Removing a badge of slavery] (paperback, alkaline paper ed.). Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, Inc. pp. 80–83. ISBN 1-55876-330-9. LCCN 2003026120. 
  3. ^ Winston, Andrew S. (Spring 1998). "Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby - International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology - Experts in the Service of Social Reform: SPSSI, Psychology, and Society, 1936-1996". Journal of Social Issues. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 

References[edit]

  • Garrett, H.E. (1980). I.Q. and Racial Differences. Newport Beach, CA: Noontide Press, 1980.
  • Garrett, H.E. (1961). "The equalitarian dogma." Mankind Quarterly, 1. p. 256.
  • Garrett, H.E. (1968) "Scientist Explains Race Differences," The Citizen, January, pp. 14–19.
  • Winston, A. S. (1998). Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby. Journal of Social Issues, 54, no. 1, pp. 179–209.


Educational offices
Preceded by
Edwin Ray Guthrie
54th President of the American Psychological Association
1946-47
Succeeded by
Carl Ransom Rogers