Henry Edward Manning Douglas
|Henry Edward Manning Douglas|
|Born||11 July 1875
|Died||14 February 1939 (aged 63)
|Buried at||Epsom Cemetery, Surrey|
|Years of service||1899-1933|
|Unit||Royal Army Medical Corps|
|Battles/wars||Second Boer War
Third Somaliland Expedition
First Balkan War
World War I
Russian Civil War
|Awards|| Victoria Cross
Order of the Bath
Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Croix de guerre (France)
Order of St. Sava (Serbia)
Major General Henry Edward Manning Douglas VC CB CMG DSO (11 July 1875 – 14 February 1939) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Born in Gillingham, Medway, Douglas took the Scottish Triple Qualification (LRCP(Edin), LRCS(Edin), LRCPS(Glas) in 1898. Douglas was 24 years old, and a lieutenant in the Royal Army Medical Corps, British Army during the Second Boer War on 11 December 1899, at Magersfontein, South Africa, when the following deed earned him the Victoria Cross:
On the 11th December, 1899, during the action at Magersfontein, Lieutenant Douglas showed great gallantry and devotion under a very severe fire in advancing in the open and attending to Captain Gordon, Gordon Highlanders, who was wounded, and also attending to Major Robinson and other wounded men under a fearful fire. Many similar acts of devotion and gallantry were performed by Lieutenant Douglas on the same day.
Douglas was himself wounded at Magersfontein, but continued to serve until he returned to the United Kingdom in early 1901. He received the VC from King Edward VII during an investiture at Marlborough House 25 July 1901. The following year he was appointed for light duty in the Home District.
He also served in the First World War and later achieved the rank of Major General. He is buried in Epsom. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Army Medical Services Museum in Aldershot, England.
- The Douglas Archives.
- Epsom and Ewell History Explorer.
- The London Gazette: . 29 March 1901. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
- "Court Circular" The Times (London). Friday, 26 July 1901. (36517), p. 3.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Wednesday, 12 March 1902. (36713), p. 7.
- J C de Villiers, C V Small (1999). "Medical Recipients of the Victoria Cross during the Anglo-Boer War". South African Medical Journal 89 (12).
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)
- Victoria Crosses of the Anglo-Boer War (Ian Uys, 2000)