Henry English Fulford

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Henry English Fulford,[1] also known as Harry English Fulford,[2] or simply H.E. Fulford (1859—1929) was a British diplomat, who spent most of his career in China.[1]

H.E. Fulford was born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire.[3] His father, Rev. John Fulford, had been an Anglican priest in Australia (Adelaide and Melbourne).[3][4] Soon after the boy's birth, the Fulford family returned to Australia,[5] where Rev. Fulford (later, Rev. Canon Fulford) resumed his ecclesiastical career.[4]

After graduating from the Melbourne Grammar School, Henry Fulford went to England, to acquire some business experience in London.[3]

In 1880 H.E. Fulford joined the British Consular Service, and was sent to work in China.[1] In 1887, when he was a student interpreter at the British Consulate in Newchwang (today's Yingkou),[6] he joined two British officers on leave from India - H.E.M. James of the Indian Civil Service and Francis Younghusband of the British Army - and went with them on a tour of Manchuria. As he was the only person of the three Brits who had a China background, he provided the British party with a language and cultural expertise.[7]

Fulford served for a number of years in the British consulate in Newchwang. He became the consul there in 1899,[8] and served in that position during the Boxer Uprising and the Russo-Japanese War, informing the British governments on the events as they developed.[9] In 1906, he was appointed the British Consul General in Mukden (now, Shenyang).[2] Later, he held a number of other consular posts throughout China. He served as a Consul General in Hankou (1911), acting Consul General in Shanghai (1913), and Consul General in Tianjin (1912-1917).[1]

In 1917, Fulford retired and returned to Australia. On May 15, 1929, his daughter found him shot dead, apparently in a suicide, in the bedroom of his Melbourne residence.[1][3]


  1. ^ a b c d e Melbourne tragedy: former consul-general found shot. The Straits Times, 17 May 1929
  2. ^ a b The London Gazette, 1906-09-11
  3. ^ a b c d Former British Consul: Found at South Yarra, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic), 1929-05-16
  4. ^ a b CHURCH NEWS AND NOTES. Auckland Star, Rōrahi XXXVI, Putanga 84, 8 Paengawhāwhā 1905, Page 10
  5. ^ Shipping News, The South Australian Advertiser, Tuesday 16 October 1860
  6. ^ Fulford, H. (1887), "Mr. Fulford's Journeys in Manchuria", Scottish geographical magazine (Royal Scottish Geographical Society.) 3: 421–424 
  7. ^ James, Sir Henry Evan Murchison (1888), The Long White Mountain, or, A journey in Manchuria: with some account of the history, people, administration and religion of that country, Longmans, Green, and Co., pp. 125, 217 
  8. ^ THE LONDON GAZETTE, JUNE 20, 1899
  9. ^ Commons, Great Britain. Parliament. House of (1901), Papers by command, Volume 91, HMSO, pp. xi,50,68,159,190–192