Henry English Fulford
H.E. Fulford was born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire. His father, Rev. John Fulford, had been an Anglican priest in Australia (Adelaide and Melbourne). Soon after the boy's birth, the Fulford family returned to Australia, where Rev. Fulford (later, Rev. Canon Fulford) resumed his ecclesiastical career.
In 1880 H.E. Fulford joined the British Consular Service, and was sent to work in China. In 1887, when he was a student interpreter at the British Consulate in Newchwang (today's Yingkou), he joined two British officers on leave from India - H.E.M. James of the Indian Civil Service and Francis Younghusband of the British Army - and went with them on a tour of Manchuria. As he was the only person of the three Brits who had a China background, he provided the British party with a language and cultural expertise.
Fulford served for a number of years in the British consulate in Newchwang. He became the consul there in 1899, and served in that position during the Boxer Uprising and the Russo-Japanese War, informing the British governments on the events as they developed. In 1906, he was appointed the British Consul General in Mukden (now, Shenyang). Later, he held a number of other consular posts throughout China. He served as a Consul General in Hankou (1911), acting Consul General in Shanghai (1913), and Consul General in Tianjin (1912-1917).
- Melbourne tragedy: former consul-general found shot. The Straits Times, 17 May 1929
- The London Gazette, 1906-09-11
- Former British Consul: Found at South Yarra, The Argus (Melbourne, Vic), 1929-05-16
- CHURCH NEWS AND NOTES. Auckland Star, Rōrahi XXXVI, Putanga 84, 8 Paengawhāwhā 1905, Page 10
- Shipping News, The South Australian Advertiser, Tuesday 16 October 1860
- Fulford, H. (1887), "Mr. Fulford's Journeys in Manchuria", Scottish geographical magazine (Royal Scottish Geographical Society.) 3: 421–424
- James, Sir Henry Evan Murchison (1888), The Long White Mountain, or, A journey in Manchuria: with some account of the history, people, administration and religion of that country, Longmans, Green, and Co., pp. 125, 217
- THE LONDON GAZETTE, JUNE 20, 1899
- Commons, Great Britain. Parliament. House of (1901), Papers by command, Volume 91, HMSO, pp. xi,50,68,159,190–192