Henry Franklin Kilburn
|Henry Franklin Kilburn|
West-Park Presbyterian Church, Amsterdam Avenue Facade Entrance, Upper West Side, New York City, 1889
|Born||February 20, 1844
|Died||September 26, 1905
New York City, New York
Henry Franklin Kilburn, FAIA, (February 20, 1844, Ashfield, Massachusetts — September 26, 1905, New York City) was an American architect active in late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century New York City who is particularly associated with church architecture. Although he practiced for a number of years, only toward the end of his career, however, was Kilburn primarily active with ecclesiastical commissions; the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission reports that "Kilburn was also the architect of many private residences, factories, stables, and theaters in Manhattan."
Born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, Kilburn served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. After the war, he went to study and practice architecture in Northampton, Massachusetts. Around 1869, at the age of twenty-five, he set up a practice in New York City and was elected a practicing member of the New York Chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 1896. "He was a member of the Architectural League of New York and a number of clubs and associations. He was elected an Associate of the American Institute of Architects in 1886 and a Fellow in 1889."
Much of Kilburn's work has not survived, and that which has, has been under threat of demolition or general dilapidation for many years. He worked in a variety of styles, producing all derivative work of other fashionable architect's styles, including Richardsonian Romanesque and Stanford White's refined Italianate style. This was often due to his designing the more substantial additions or extensions of buildings. He established his practice in New York City around 1865.
- Hampshire County Courthouse (Northampton, Mass.) (1886), 99 Main Street
- West-Park Presbyterian Church (1889–1890), New York City, New York (Here he did the main corner church, an extension and stylistic continuation of Leopold Eidlitz's earlier "muscular" Romanesque chapel, built for around $100,000.)
- St. James Episcopal Church Parish House (Bronx, New York)[ (1891–1892), 2500 Jerome Avenue (designated a New York City Landmark)
- Residence of Mrs. Catherine L. Kernochan, (demolished c.1927 for construction of 825 Fifth Avenue) 824 Fifth Avenue, New York City.
- Durland Riding Academy (New York City) (1900–1901), 8 West 67th Street, Upper West Side, in the Upper West Side/Central Park West Historic District)
- Street and Smith Publishing House (1904), a seven-story brick and stone publishing house on the northeast corner of Seventh Avenue and 15th Street (built for Smith & Street on 231 William Street for $225,000)
- Carrollcliffe (1897–1910), a large private residence in Tarrytown, NY built to resemble a European castle.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. "Designation List 425"
- Mosette Broderick and Lauren Jacobi (Committee to Preserve West-Park Presbyterian Church of the Friends of West-Park, a not-for-profit NY State corporation). Landmark: West-Park Presbyterian Church; West-Park Presbyterian: Landmarking a Cultural and Architectural Icon (October 2007)
- THE COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK COUNCIL MEMBER GALE A. BREWER. "TESTIMONY BEFORE THE LANDMARKS PRESERVATION COMMISSION, JULY 14, 2009, Council Member Gale A. Brewer, 6th District, West Side of Manhattan"
- "Block 1217 Lot 1" The Upper West Side Book
- "Wired New York - Forum"
- Robert A. M. Stern, Thomas Mellins, and David Fishman, New York 1880: Architecture and Urbanism in the Gilded Age (New York City: The Monacelli Press, 1999), pp.770, 772, 773
- Robert Miles Parker, The Upper West Side, New York (New York City: Harry N. Abrams, 1988), p.125
- Norval White and Elliot Willensky, AIA Guide to New York City, rev. ed., (New York: Collier Books, 1978), p.196.
- Kathryn E. Holliden, Leopold Eidlitz: Architecture and Idealism in the Gilded Age (New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2008), p.171
- Thomas Vitullo-Martin, co-chair of Friends of West-Park, quoted in Nadine Brozan, “Sacred Space But Earthly Challenges,” New York Times (25 April 2004)
- Dolkart, Andrew S; Postal, Matthew A. (2004). Guide to New York City Landmarks. New York City Landmarks Preservation Committee. Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg (Author of Forward) (Third ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. p. 313.
- New York Public Library NYPL Digital Library
- New York Public Library NYPL Digital Library
- "COLONIAL CLUB'S HOT ELECTION.; Four Tickets in the Field and Plenty of Hard Work Done."New York Times. (May 2, 1893)
- The World Almanac 1892 and Book of Facts (New York: Press Publishing, 1892), p.390.
- The Upper East Side Book: 825 Fifth Avenue
- New York Public Library NYPL Digital Gallery
- Office for Metropolitan History,  "Manhattan NB Database 1900-1986," (24 Feb 2010), http://www.MetroHistory.com