Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Earl of Arundel
22ndEarlOfArundel.jpg
Spouse(s) Lady Elizabeth Stuart

Issue

Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk
Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk
Lord Philip Howard
Lord Charles Howard
Lord Bernard Howard
Noble family House of Howard
Father Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel
Mother Alethea Talbot
Born 15 August 1608
Died 17 April 1652

Henry Frederick Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel PC (15 August 1608 – 17 April 1652) was an English nobleman, chiefly remembered for his role in the development of the rule against perpetuities.


Background[edit]

Arundel was the second son of Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel and Lady Alethea Talbot, later 13th Baroness Furnivall. After his father's death in 1646 he became Earl of Arundel and the titular head of the Howard family.

Early life[edit]

Arundel's grandmother Anne, the dowager Countess, arranged for Henry to be baptized and christened as "Frederick Henry" at Woodstock Palace with Anne of Denmark as godmother. Prince Henry and Princess Elizabeth were also present.[1]

Public life[edit]

Before ascending to the peerage, Lord Arundel had served as Member of Parliament for Arundel in the Parliament of England from 1628 until 1629, and again in 1640. He also represented Callan in the Parliament of Ireland in 1634. He had been due to inherit his mothers peerage (Baron Furnivall), but he pre-deceased her and upon her death in 1654 it was inherited by his eldest son Thomas.

The Duke of Norfolk's Case[edit]

Henry, who was at the time Duke of Norfolk, sought to control the succession of his titles after his death. Toward that end, he placed in his will a shifting executory limitation so that one of his titles would pass to his eldest son (who was mentally deficient) and then to his second son, and another title would pass to his second son, but then to his fourth son. The estate plan also included provisions for shifting the titles many generations later if certain conditions should occur.

When his second son, Henry, succeeded to one title, he did not want to pass the other to his younger brother, Charles. Charles sued to enforce his interest, and the court (in this instance, the House of Lords) held that such a shifting condition could not exist indefinitely. The judges believed that tying up property too long beyond the lives of people living at the time was wrong, although the exact period was not determined for another 150 years. [2]

Family[edit]

Lord Arundel married Lady Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of Esme Stuart, 3rd Duke of Lennox, on 7 March 1626. They had nine sons and three daughters:

  • Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk (1626/27–1677), died without issue
  • Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk (1628–1683/84), had issue; (ancestor of 7th through 9th Dukes of Norfolk)
  • Hon. Philip Howard (1629–1694), Catholic Cardinal
  • Hon. Charles Howard (1630–1713), married Mary Tattershall (d. 1695), had issue, including Henry Howard of Greystoke; who married Mary Aylward (d. 1747), had issue, including Charles Howard, 10th Duke of Norfolk (through whom Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk was also descended);
  • Lady Anne Howard (1632-?)
  • Lady Catherine Howard (1634-1655)
  • Hon. Talbot Howard (1636-?)
  • Hon. Edward Howard (1637-1691), married Anne Wilbraham, had issue. Edward's great-grandson Thomas Howard (1736-1824), a Quaker, renounced succession c.1812; succession then passed to the issue of Hon. Bernard Howard of Glossop (below).
  • Hon. Francis Howard (1640-1722)
  • Hon. Bernard Howard of Glossop (1641–1717), married Catherine Tattershall (d. 1727, sister of his brother Charles' wife, Mary) and had issue, including Bernard Howard II of Glossop, who married Anne Roper (d. 1744), had issue, including Henry Howard of Glossop and Sheffield, who married Juliana Molyneux, had issue, including Bernard Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk, from who all subsequent Dukes of Norfolk descend;
  • Hon. Esme Howard (1645–1728), had one daughter, who died unmarried
  • Lady Elizabeth Howard (1651-1705)
  • Hon. John Howard (1652-1711)

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. R. Batho. ed., Calendar of Talbot Papers, vol.2 (HMC, HMSO, 1971), p. 336: Lodge vol. 3, p. 238
  2. ^ Cadell v. Palmer 1 Cl. & Fin. 372, 6 Eng. Rep. 936 (H.L. 1832, 1833)
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Cumberland
The Lord Clifford
The Earl of Suffolk
Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland
jointly with The Earl of Arundel
The Earl of Cumberland
The Lord Clifford
The Earl of Suffolk

1632 – 1639
Succeeded by
The Earl of Northumberland
Lord Lieutenant of Westmorland
jointly with The Earl of Arundel
The Earl of Cumberland
The Lord Clifford
The Earl of Suffolk

1632 – 1639
Succeeded by
The Earl of Cumberland
The Lord Clifford
Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland
jointly with The Earl of Arundel 1632–1642
The Earl of Cumberland 1632–1639
The Lord Clifford 1632–1639
The Earl of Suffolk 1632–1639

1632 – 1642
Vacant
Preceded by
The Earl of Arundel
Lord Lieutenant of Norfolk
jointly with The Earl of Arundel 1633–1642

1633 – 1642
Preceded by
The Earl of Nottingham
The Viscount Wimbledon
The Earl of Arundel
Lord Lieutenant of Surrey
jointly with The Earl of Nottingham 1636–1642
The Viscount Wimbledon 1636–1638
The Earl of Arundel 1636–1642

1636 – 1642
Preceded by
The Earl of Dorset
The Earl of Northumberland
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
jointly with The Earl of Dorset
The Earl of Northumberland

1636 – 1642
Preceded by
The Earl of Arundel
Custos Rotulorum of Norfolk, Sussex and Surrey
1636 – 1642
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Howard
Earl of Arundel
1646–1652
Succeeded by
Thomas Howard
Earl of Surrey
1646–1652
Earl of Norfolk
1646–1652
Baron Mowbray
1646–1652
Baron Segrave
1646–1652
Baron Maltravers
1646–1652