Henry G. Marsh

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Henry G. Marsh
15th[1] Mayor of Saginaw
In office
April 10, 1967 – April 14, 1969
Preceded by James W. Stenglein
Succeeded by Warren C. Light
Personal details
Born Henry Greene Marsh
(1921-10-11)October 11, 1921
Knoxville, Tennessee
Died May 11, 2011(2011-05-11) (aged 89)
Saginaw, Michigan
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Ruth
Alma mater Wayne State University Law School
Knoxville College
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1942–1945
Rank Army-USA-OR-06.svg Staff sergeant
Unit 3280th Quartermaster Service Company
Battles/wars World War II

Henry G. Marsh (October 11, 1921 – May 11, 2011) was a Democratic politician from Michigan who served as Mayor of Saginaw, and was the first African-American to hold that office. Marsh was one of the first black mayors in the United States.

Early life[edit]

Marsh was born on October 11, 1921, in Knoxville, Tennessee to Thomas and Saidye Marsh. He attended Camden Academy and Knoxville College before being drafted into the U.S. Army in 1942. Marsh served in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy, arriving at the Anzio Beachhead three days before Operation Shingle. Marsh was honorably discharged in December 1945. He then returned to Knoxville College, where he served as the president of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity and graduated in June 1947.[2]

Marsh married the former Ruth Eleanor Claytor on September 1, 1948, in Roanoke, Virginia. Following their marriage, Marsh transferred from law school at the University of Michigan to the Wayne State University Law School since Ruth was a student at the University of Detroit. They had three children: Thomas, Walter, and Terésa.

Marsh graduated from law school in June 1950, and was admitted to the bar in January 1951, opening an office in Detroit where he practiced until moving to Saginaw.[2]

Move to Saginaw[edit]

Marsh moved to Saginaw and opened a law office in April 1954. When he arrived, Saginaw was segregated city where no black man had ever won elected office.[3] (In 1955, Harry W. Browne was poised to become Saginaw's first black city councilman, but a late swell of votes swung the result toward a white candidate by 79 votes.[3]) Marsh became chairman of the now-extinct Human Rights Commission in 1958. A frequent contributor to The Saginaw News, Marsh ran for and won a seat on Saginaw City Council in 1961. Though tradition dictated that, as the highest vote-getter, Marsh would receive the title of mayor, he did not, believing that G. Stewart Francke, whom Marsh respected, should serve as mayor considering the difficulties facing the city.[3] Marsh was elected mayor pro tempore in 1965, a century after abolition freed his grandfather from slavery.[4]

Mayor of Saginaw[edit]

Marsh was the city's first African-American mayor. During a time when the 1967 Detroit riot threatened to spill north, Marsh was concerned about the threat of violence from both sides (racially and literally—he ordered that a drawbridge connecting the two sides of the city be raised to stem the flow of traffic from both sides).[3] Marsh formed a committee of over 200 community leaders to discuss concerns facing the city, later calling it his most important accomplishment.[5]

He traveled to Washington, D.C., to convince the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development and Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey that the city should be considered a Model City, part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society. Look Magazine selected Saginaw as an All-American City and an open housing ordinance was passed during Marsh's tenure as mayor. He retired as the city's chief officer in 1969 to return to his law practice. Shortly after leaving the mayor's office, the city council successfully petitioned to have the Interstate 675 bridge over the Saginaw River named in Marsh's honor.[2]

After politics and retirement[edit]

Marsh was a co-founder of what was then called First State Bank, which was eventually acquired by National Bank of Detroit, now part of J.P. Morgan Chase Bank. He also served as a member of numerous local organizations and commissions.[2] He retired from his law practice in 2000.

Death[edit]

Marsh died of congestive heart failure at the Aleda E. Lutz VA Medical Center in Saginaw on May 11, 2011. His remains were cremated.[6]

Legacy[edit]

In 2012, just over a year to the day that Marsh passed away, the Bridge Center for Racial Harmony posthumously presented its Spirit of the River Award to Marsh. The award is given annually to individuals who have had a significant impact on the region. Marsh's wife Ruth and son Michael accepted the award on his behalf.[7]

The Henry Marsh Institute for Public Policy was founded by a local business leader and friend of Marsh's, and graduated its first class in 2011.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Since the adoption of the 1936 city charter
  2. ^ a b c d "Henry Greene Marsh". Obituaries. The Saginaw News. May 21, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Thompson, Mike (May 19, 2011). "Remembering the Legacy of Henry Marsh". The Review. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Engel, Justin (May 12, 2011). "A Life Remembered: Marsh, pioneering Saginaw leader, one of first black mayors in nation". The Saginaw News. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ Engel, Justin (May 11, 2011). "Wife of Saginaw's first black mayor: 'It's going to be different without him'". The Saginaw News. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  6. ^ Engel, Justin (May 11, 2011). "Saginaw's first black mayor, Henry Marsh, dies". The Saginaw News. 
  7. ^ Engel, Justin (May 16, 2012). "Former Saginaw Mayor Henry Marsh to receive posthumous award". The Saginaw News. Retrieved December 2, 2013.