Henry John Gauntlett (9 July 1805, Wellington, Shropshire – 21 February 1876, London) was an English organist and songwriter known in British music circles for his authorship of a large number of hymns and other pieces for the organ.
Henry John Gauntlett was born in Britain on 9 July 1805, at Wellington, Shropshire. He became the organist at Olney church in Buckinghamshire, where his father Henry Gauntlett was then curate, and later vicar, at the age of nine.
He was intended for a career in law, and he remained a lawyer until he was almost forty years of age, when he abandoned the profession and devoted himself to music.
He was organist at a number of leading London churches, including St Olave's in Tooley Street, Southwark from 1827 to 1846, where he designed a new grand organ which was built, installed and perfected to his satisfaction between 1844 and March 1846, and Union Chapel, Islington from 1852 - 1861.
Eventually the degree of Mus. Doc. was conferred on him by the Archbishop of Canterbury, he being the first to receive such a degree from that quarter for over 200 years. He did much to raise the standard of church music both mechanically and musically.
In 1852 he patented an "electrical-action apparatus" for organs. He wrote much music and over 1,000 hymn tunes, and edited a large number of hymn books. His most famous tune is "Irby", the tune to which the Christmas carol, "Once in Royal David's City" is usually sung.
- "Henry John Gauntlett". Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1890). "Gauntlett, Henry (1762-1833)". Dictionary of National Biography 21. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1890). "Gauntlett, Henry John". Dictionary of National Biography 21. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Free scores by Henry Gauntlett in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
- Free scores at the Mutopia Project
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