Henry George Kendall
|Henry George Kendall|
Portrait of Captain Henry Kendall
30 January 1874|
|Died||28 November 1965
London, England, U.K.
|Spouse(s)||Jane Kendall (née Jones)|
Henry George Kendall (30 January 1874 – 28 November 1965) was a British sea captain who survived several shipwrecks, including an attack by a German submarine during World War I, and was also noted for his role in the capture of murderer Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen.
Captain Henry Kendall began his career in sailing ships in 1888 at the age of 14. Eight years later he married Jane "Minnie" Jones. In 1900 he survived a shipwreck on the Newfoundland coast when he was an officer on the SS Lusitania (not the later Cunarder RMS Lusitania torpedoed in World War I). Two years later he worked with Guglielmo Marconi to develop ship-to-shore radio before getting his first command in 1908. Two years later he was appointed captain of the Canadian Pacific Line's SS Montrose and within months had become famous following his role in the capture of Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen, the London cellar murderer, in what was the first use of radio to capture a criminal. Kendall's radio messages alerted Scotland Yard and Inspector Dew was dispatched to Canada on the faster ship, the White Star Line's SS Laurentic, and arrived in Canada before Montrose. Disguised as a pilot, Dew boarded Montrose and arrested Crippen.
Shipwreck of RMS Empress of Ireland
In May 1914 Kendall was appointed Captain of the RMS Empress of Ireland. Almost a month later the ship sank in Canada's Saint Lawrence River after colliding with the Storstad, a Norwegian coal freighter with an ice-breaking bow. The accident occurred at night. The two ships were head to head when a fog bank rolled onto the river and Storstad changed position, believing the Empress to be on the Storstad's port side. This turned the freighter into the side of the larger ship, which was passing on the starboard side. The damage was catastrophic and the Empress sank in just 14 minutes with the loss of 1,012 people. Kendall was thrown from the bridge when the ship keeled over suddenly but survived; he was cleared of all charges in the disaster.
Action in World War I
Soon afterwards he was posted to Antwerp, Belgium, where he was soon in the news again. As the Germans invaded Belgium, the British Consulate in Antwerp was besieged by around 600 refugees. Kendall worked with the consul Sir Cecil Hertslet to formulate a plan to rescue them by using the Montrose to tow the SS Montreal, which was out of commission, out of the port and on to England.
Kendall then joined the crew of HMS Calgarian and served with the ship until 1918, during which time he was mentioned in despatches on several occasions. In March 1918 Calgarian was torpedoed off the Ulster coast by German submarine U-19 but Kendall survived again. He went on to serve as a King's Messenger before being appointed Commodore of Convoys. When the war ended he was appointed Marine Superintendent at Southampton by Canadian Pacific and remained there until he moved to a similar position in London in 1924.
He died in an English nursing home in 1965 at the age of 91. His obituary in The Times of London made no mention of the sinking of the Empress of Ireland.
- David Zeni Forgotten Empress: The Empress of Ireland Story, (Bookcraft, Midsomer Norton, Great Britain: Goose Lane Editions, c1998) ISBN 0-86492-248-5.
- James Croall Fourteen Minutes: The Last Voyage of the Empress of Ireland, (Briarcliff Manor, NY: Stein & Day, c1979), 237p., illus. ISBN 0-8128-2591-8.
- Tom Cullen The Mild Murderer: The True Story of the Dr. Crippen Case, (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1977), 224p., illus. ISBN 0-395-25776-X.
- Jonathan Goodman (Compiler) The Crippen File, (London: Allison & Busby, 1985), 96p. illus. ISBN 0-85031-637-5 Pbk.
- Erik Larson Thunderstruck, (New York: Random House, Inc. - Three River Press, 2006), 463p. illus. ISBN 978-1-400-08067-0.
- Joe Saward "The Man who Caught Crippen" (Morienval Press, 2010), 242p. illus. ISBN 978-0-9554868-1-4.