Henry Grattan Guinness
Henry Grattan Guinness D. D. (11 August 1835 – 21 June 1910) was an Irish Protestant Christian preacher, evangelist and author. He was the great evangelist of the Evangelical awakening and preached during the Ulster Revival of 1859 which drew thousands to hear him. He was responsible for training and sending hundreds of "faith missionaries" all over the world.
Guinness was born in Kingstown in Taney, Dublin, Ireland. He was the grandson of Arthur Guinness and Olivia Whitmore. His father was John Grattan Guinness (1783–1850), Arthur's youngest son, who was an officer in the East India Company army. His mother was Jane Lucretia D'Esterre, whose husband Captain John Norcot D'Esterre had been killed in a duel in 1815 by Daniel O'Connell, who remorsefully paid her an annuity. Henry began preaching in 1855 and married Fanny E. Fitzgerald in 1860.
The Dublin Daily Express wrote in 1858:
|“||Mr. Guinness preached yesterday in York Street Chapel. The attendance was greater than on any former occasion. In the evening it amounted to 1600, and if there were a place large enough, five times the number would have been present, to hear this highly gifted preacher. The interest which he has excited has daily increased and probably will continue to do so, during his labours in Dublin. An enormous crowd pressed for admittance. Judges, members of Parliament, orators, Fellows of College, lights of the various professions, the rank and fashion of the metropolis have been drawn out. Among them the Lord Lieutenant, the Lord Chancellor and the Lord Justice of Appeal, etc.||”|
Work in London
In September 1866 while in Keighley, Yorkshire, Guinness saw a notice advertising a series of lectures by the freethinker and communist Harriet Law. For a week he held a series of meetings at the same time to try to counteract her influence. He was appalled at the "scoffing unbelief" of such speakers. With the help of Professor John Couch Adams, some astronomical tables and examination of the scriptures, Guinness worked out the prophetic chronology of the bible in terms of a series of "solilunar cycles." This proved to him that he was living at the end of the sixth unsabbatic day of creation, 6,000 years from Adam, and that the "redemption Sabbath" would soon arrive. This revelation became the subject of many books that he wrote, and many sermons.
In March 1873 Henry and wife Fanny started the famous East London Missionary Training Institute (also called Harley College) at Harley House in Bromley-by-Bow, East End of London with just six students. The renowned Dr. Thomas Barnardo was co-director with Dr. Guinness and greatly influenced by him. The school trained 1330 missionaries for 30 societies of 30 denominations.
Harley College became so successful it needed a larger home. In 1883, Elizabeth Hulme offered Guinness "Cliff House" near Calver, Derbyshire. Harley College was renamed Hulme Cliff College. Now known as Cliff College it continues to this day training and equipping Christians for mission and evangelism.
In 1873 Guinness founded the East London Institute for Home and Foreign Missions, the root of the Regions Beyond Missionary Union. In 1877 he founded the Livingstone Inland Mission. His son Dr. Henry Grattan Guinness (1861–1915) founded the Congo-Balolo Mission in 1888 and co-founded the Congo Reform Association in 1904.
His daughter, and later famous author, Mary Geraldine Guinness married Frederick Howard Taylor, the son of China Inland Mission founder J. Hudson Taylor. She was one of seven children who entered Christian ministry. Dr. Gershom Whitfield Guinness was a medical missionary to China who escaped the Boxer Rebellion and went on to found the first hospital in Honan south of the Yellow River.
His great-grandson Os Guinness is an active author and speaker today.
|“||I do now most heartily desire to live but to exalt Jesus; to live preaching and to die preaching; to preach to perishing sinners till I drop down dead.||”|
- Hudson Taylor & China's Open Century Volume Three: If I Had a Thousand Lives; Alfred James Broomhall; Hodder and Stoughton and Overseas Missionary Fellowship, 1982
- Christ Alone – A Pictorial Presentation of Hudson Taylor's Life and Legacy; OMF International, 2005
- Guinness, Lucy Evangeline (1898). Across India at the Dawn of the 20th Century. London: The Religious Tract Society.
- O'Riordan, Tomás (2013). "Daniel O'Connell". University College Cork. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- Rupke, Nicolaas A. (2009). Eminent Lives in Twentieth-century Science & Religion. Peter Lang. ISBN 978-3-631-58120-9. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- Bible Lectures by Henry Grattan Guinness
- Creation Centered in Christ by Henry Grattan Guinness Vol. 1 Vol. 2
- History Unveiling Prophecy, Or, Time as an Interpreter by Henry Grattan Guinness
- "Not Unto Us": A Record of Twenty-one Years' Missionary Service by H. Grattan Guinness
- Romanism and the Reformation: From the Standpoint of Prophecy by Henry Grattan Guinness
- The Approaching End of the Age by Henry Grattan Guinness 1878 edition Second Edition 1879 Eighth edition 1882
- The Divine Programme of the World's History (1892 edition) by Henry Grattan Guinness
- The H. Grattan Guinness Archives @ Historicism.com at www.historicism.com
- Cliff College- training Christians for mission and evangelism.