Henry Gullett

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The Honourable
Sir Henry Gullett
KCMG
Henrygullett.jpg
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Henty
In office
14 November 1925 – 13 August 1940
Preceded by Frederick Francis
Succeeded by Arthur Coles
Personal details
Born Henry Somer Gullett
(1878-03-26)26 March 1878
Toolamba West, Victoria
Died 13 August 1940(1940-08-13) (aged 62)
Canberra air disaster
Nationality Australian
Political party Nationalist (1925–31)
UAP (1931–40)
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Penelope Frater
Children Jo Gullett
Occupation Journalist

Sir Henry Somer Gullett, KCMG (26 March 1878 – 13 August 1940) was an Australian Cabinet Minister and member of the House of Representatives

Gullett was born at Toolamba West, Victoria and educated at state schools, but left school at twelve on the death of his father. He began writing for newspapers. In 1908 he travelled to London as a journalist and in 1914 published a handbook on Australian rural life, The Opportunity in Australia to promote emigration to Australia. He married Elizabeth Penelope Frater in 1912 and they had a son and a daughter.[1]

In 1915, Gullett became an official Australian correspondent on the Western Front. In July 1916, he joined the first Australian Imperial Force (AIF) as a gunner. From early 1917 he worked with Charles Bean in collecting war records and later with the AIF as a war correspondent in Palestine. In 1919, he was briefly director of the Australian War Museum. He started writing volume VII of The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918, covering the Sinai and Palestine Campaign, which he completed in 1922. In 1920, Billy Hughes appointed him head of the Australian Immigration Bureau, but he resigned in February 1922 over disagreements in relation to immigration policy and returned to journalism.[1]

Political career[edit]

Gullett failed to win a seat at the 1922 election, but he won the seat of Division of Henty for the Nationalist Party in 1925 election and held it for the rest of his life. He was Minister for Trade and Customs from November 1928 in the third Bruce Ministry until its fall in October 1929. On the 1931 election of the United Australia Party government, he was again Minister for Trade and Customs and attended the British Empire Economic Conference in Ottawa, which attempted to establish Imperial Preference, a system of tariff concession within the British Empire. As a result he was made Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in January 1933, but he resigned as minister on the same month on health grounds. In October 1934, he became minister without portfolio, with responsibility for trade treaties, in the second Lyons Ministry and he negotiated several trade agreements. He resigned in March 1937 over disagreements with Cabinet over trade policy.[1]

In April 1939, Gullett became Minister for External Affairs in the first Menzies Ministry and Minister for Information from September 1939. However, when Robert Menzies formed a coalition with the Country Party in March 1940, he was moved to Vice-President of the Executive Council, and Minister in charge of Scientific and Industrial Research. He was killed in the Canberra air disaster in August 1940.[1]

He was the father of Jo Gullett, who was Member for Henty from 1946 to 1955. He was also the grandfather of the actress Penne Hackforth-Jones.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hill, A. J. (1983). "Gullett, Sir Henry Somer (1878–1940)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 20 October 2007. 
  2. ^ "Social news and gossip". The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1949-1953) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 21 August 1949. p. 9. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Stanley Bruce
Minister for Trade and Customs
1928–1929
Succeeded by
James Fenton
Preceded by
Frank Forde
Minister for Trade and Customs
1932–1933
Succeeded by
Thomas White
Preceded by
Billy Hughes
Minister for External Affairs
1939–1940
Succeeded by
John McEwen
New title Minister for Information
1939–1940
Succeeded by
Robert Menzies
Preceded by
Percy Spender
Vice-President of the Executive Council
1940
Succeeded by
Herbert Collett
New title Minister in charge of Scientific
and Industrial Research

1940
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Frederick Francis
Member for Henty
1925–1940
Succeeded by
Arthur Coles