Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Right Honourable

The Earl of Carnarvon

DL, FSA
2ndEarlOfCarnarvon.jpg
The Earl of Carnarvon.
Personal details
Born 3 June 1772
Hill Street, London, England
Died 16 April 1833
Grosvenor Square, London, England
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Kitty Acland
(died 1813)

Colonel Henry George Herbert, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon DL, FSA (3 June 1772 – 16 April 1833),[1] styled The Honourable Henry Herbert from 1780 to 1793 and Lord Porchester from 1793 to 1811, was a British peer and Whig politician.

Background and education[edit]

Born in Hill Street in London, Herbert was the oldest son of Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon,[2] and Lady Elizabeth Alicia Maria Wyndham, the oldest daughter of Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont.[3] He was baptised in St George's, Hanover Square on 22 June 1772.[2] His younger brothers were the sailor Charles Herbert and the botanist William Herbert.[3] Another brother, Algernon Herbert was an antiquary.[3] Herbert was educated at Eton until 1789.[2]

Career[edit]

Herbert joined the Royal Wiltshire Militia as captain in 1790 and when the West Somerset Yeomanry was raised in 1794 became its major.[1] He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel four years later and obtained colonelcy of the regiment in 1803.[1] Having been elected for Cricklade, Herbert entered the British House of Commons in 1794.[4] After the Act of Union 1801 he represented the constituency then in the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1811, when he succeeded his father as earl.[4] During his time as Member of Parliament he stirred an investigation into the failure of the Walcheren Campaign in 1809.[5] Herbert was nominated a Deputy Lieutenant for the county of Somerset in 1803 and served as High Steward of Newbury.[1] He was chosen a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London in 1814 and was vice-president of the Royal Horticultural Society.[6]

Family[edit]

On 26 April 1796, he married Elizabeth Kitty Acland, at St George Hanover Square.[2] She was the only daughter of Colonel John Dyke Acland and sister of Sir John Dyke Acland, 8th Baronet.[2] The couple had five children, three daughters and two sons.[7] His wife died at Shooter's Hill in 1813; Herbert survived her for twenty years until 1833.[6] He died, aged 60, at his London residence in Grosvenor Square and was buried in Burghclere in Hampshire.[6] He was succeeded in his titles by his oldest son Henry.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Doyle" (1886), p. 341
  2. ^ a b c d e Cokayne (1913), p. 47
  3. ^ a b c Burke (1832), p. 212
  4. ^ a b Thorne (1986), p. 184
  5. ^ Thorne (1986), p. 185
  6. ^ a b c d Urban (1833), p. 463
  7. ^ Debrett (1828), p. 201

References[edit]

  • Cokayne, George Edward (1913). Vicary Gibbs, ed. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. vol. III. Exeter: William Pollard Co. Ltd. 
  • Doyle, James William Edmund (1886). The Official Baronage of England. vol. I. London: Longmans, Green & Co. 
  • Thorne, R. G. (1986). The House of Commons, 1790-1820. vol. I. London: Secker & Warburg. ISBN 0-436-52101-6. 
  • Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. I (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. 
  • Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. I (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. 
  • Sylvanus, Urban (1833). The Gentleman's Magazine. part I. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Estcourt
John Walker-Heneage
Member of Parliament for Cricklade
1794 – 1801
With: Thomas Estcourt
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Cricklade
18011811
With: Thomas Estcourt 1801–1806
Thomas Goddard 1806–1811
Succeeded by
William Herbert
Thomas Goddard
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Herbert
Earl of Carnarvon
1811–1833
Succeeded by
Henry Herbert