|Born||11 December 1974|
|Alma mater||Eton College
Christ Church, Oxford
University College London
|Known for||Author and critic|
Henry Hitchings (born 11 December 1974) is an author, reviewer and critic, specializing in narrative non-fiction, with a particular emphasis on language and cultural history. The second of his five books, The Secret Life of Words: How English Became English, won the 2008 John Llewellyn Rhys Prize.
Dr Johnson's Dictionary
In 2005 he published Dr Johnson's Dictionary: The Extraordinary Story of the Book that Defined the World, a biography of Samuel Johnson's epochal A Dictionary of the English Language (1755). The first popular account of Dr Johnson's magnum opus, it "charts the struggle and ultimate triumph of one of the first attempts to 'fix' the language, which despite its imperfections proved to be one of the English language's most significant cultural monuments". Avoiding the more usual portrayal of Dr Johnson as "a lovable eccentric", Hitchings "keeps drawing attention to the unremitting intelligence that Johnson's lexicographical labours demanded, not least in separating out the ramifying senses of common words". Whilst declaring that "Hitchings's task is to rescue Johnson from Boswell's attentions" Will Self pointed out "The Johnson of the Dictionary was never known to Boswell, and as the older man was ill-disposed to animadvert on his younger self, Boswell got such basics as the great man's working methods on the Dictionary glaringly wrong. Not so Hitchings".
The American edition was titled Defining the World: The Extraordinary Story of Dr Johnson's Dictionary.
The Secret Life of Words
In April 2008 Hitchings published The Secret Life of Words: How English Became English, a study of loanwords, calques and their cultural significance. Following the English language's history through "its debt to invasions, to threats from abroad, and to an island people's dealings with the world beyond its shores" the book examines its unbroken acquisitiveness—"but for all that [Hitchings'] true object is to reveal past frames of mind and to show how our present outlook is informed by the history squirreled away in the words we use". Instead of using history to explain language, Hitchings "picks words apart to find their origins" and then molds this "mountain of dense information into an elegant narrative". The Economist noted that "whatever is hybrid, fluid and unpoliced about English delights him".
The book was published in America under the same title the following September.
In November 2008 The Secret Life of Words won the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize, the first work of non-fiction to do so in six years. The chair of the judges, Henry Sutton, described it as a landmark, vast in scope and '"written with an unnerving precision, clarity and grace", adding "amazingly accessible, it's written with great grace and enthusiasm and humour, and is also a scholarly work." The shortlist had also included the winner of the 2008 Booker Prize, The White Tiger by Aravind Adiga.
The Language Wars
The Language Wars: A History of Proper English was published in February 2011. It is "a detailed narrative of the attempts ... to make rules about how we speak and write" and "a historical guide to the sometimes splenetic battles that have been fought over English down the centuries". Craig Brown called it a book "full of complex ideas expressed with crystal clarity", adding that "the range of Hitchings' knowledge and curiosity is remarkable". Writing in the Daily Telegraph, Charles Moore, after praising the book as "crisply written, amusing, informative and thought-provoking", commented that "it is an agony not to be able to use English properly. Mr Hitchings eschews the rules: he can do that only because he knows them".
The book was published in America under the same title the in October 2011.
Who's Afraid of Jane Austen?
How to Really Talk About Books You Haven't Read, a guide to books and literary erudition, was released in October 2008. The paperback edition was given the name Who's Afraid of Jane Austen?: How to Really Talk About Books You Haven't Read.
Sorry! The English and their Manners
Hitchings's fifth book, Sorry! The English and their Manners, was published in January 2013. Writing about it in the Guardian, Ian Sansom commented that its research offered "a kind of restless, wandering, burrowing through history and ideas" and that the book "reveals ... the kind of writer Hitchings really is: an overseer, guardian, wise man, guide."
Other writing and television
- Rogers, Coleridge & White Literary Agency. Henry Hitchings
- Hitchings, Henry (2005), Dr Johnson's Dictionary: The Extraordinary Story of the Book that Defined the World, London: John Murray, ISBN 0-7195-6631-2.
- Jemma Read. "Harmless drudge at work" The Observer, 24 April 2005
- John Carey. "Dr Johnson's Dictionary by Henry Hitchings" The Sunday Times, 27 March 2005
- Will Self. "The first literary celebrity" The New Statesman, 16 May 2005
- Hitchings, Henry (2005), Defining the World: the extraordinary story of Dr. Johnson's Dictionary, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, ISBN 0-374-11302-5
- Modern Language Association. Prize for Independent Scholars
- Hitchings, Henry (2008), The Secret Life of Words: How English Became English, London: John Murray, ISBN 978-0-7195-6454-3.
- Katherine A. Powers. "The hidden, joyful world of words" The Boston Globe, 5 October 2008
- Kate Colquhoun. "How English became English" The Daily Telegraph, 12 April 2008
- Economist's Reviewer. "The Secret Life of Words" The Economist, 18 September 2008
- Hitchings, Henry (2008), The Secret Life of Words: How English Became English, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, ISBN 0-374-25410-9
- Alison Flood. "Rare victory for non-fiction book in John Llewellyn Rhys prize" The Guardian, 24 November 2008
- Press Release. "Men Dominate The Shortlist For The John Llewellyn Rhys Prize" booktrade.info, 3 November 2008
- Sunday Times Writer. "Oxford Literary Festival Special: The Sunday Times Young Writer of the Year award" The Sunday Times, 15 March 2009
- The Society of Authors. List of Somerset Maugham Award Winners
- Hitchings, Henry (2011), The Language Wars: A History of Proper English, London: John Murray, ISBN 978-1-84854-208-2.
- Ian McMillan. "Speak for yourself thanks to a living, breathing language" Yorkshire Post, 11 January 2011
- Andrew Holgate. "The Language Wars", The Sunday Times, 23 January 2011
- Craig Brown. "The Language Wars", The Mail on Sunday, 30 January 2011
- Charles Moore. "The language police are a force for good" The Daily Telegraph, 31 January 2011
- Hitchings, Henry (2011), The Language Wars: A History of Proper English, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, ISBN 978-0-374-18329-5
- Hitchings, Henry (2008), How to Really Talk About Books You Haven't Read, London: John Murray, ISBN 978-1-84854-009-5
- Hitchings, Henry (2009), Who's Afraid of Jane Austen?: How to Really Talk About Books You Haven't Read, London: John Murray, ISBN 978-1-84854-019-4
- Ian Sansom. "Sorry! The English and their Manners" Guardian, 16 January 2013
- Lalayn Baluch. "Hitchings is Evening Standard’s new theatre critic" The Stage, 7 May 2009
- John Lloyd. "Morality plays at the top of the bill" Financial Times, 11 February 2011