Henry I, Count of Anhalt
He was the oldest son of Bernhard III, Duke of Saxony and Count of Anhalt, by his wife Brigitte, a daughter of Canute V of Denmark. After the death of his father in 1212, the surviving sons of the late duke divided his lands according to the laws of the House of Ascania: Henry received Anhalt and the younger Albert the Saxon duchy. In 1218 Henry was raised to the rank of prince (German: Fürst).
Henry also was a renowned Minnesänger. At the beginning of 14th century, five of his Minnelieder (love songs) were copied into the Codex Manesse, an exceptionally beautiful collection. In this source, he is erroneously referred to as a "duke".
Before his death, Henry divided Anhalt between his sons: Henry inherited Aschersleben, Bernhard received Bernburg, and Siegfried took Zerbst. His other surviving sons, Hermann and Magnus, were ordained priests.
Marriage and issue
Ca. 1211 Henry married Irmgard (b. ca. 1197 – d. ca. 1244), daughter of Hermann I, Landgrave of Thuringia and second cousin of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor through her paternal grandmother Judith of Swabia. They had eleven children:
- Henry II, Prince of Anhalt-Aschersleben (b. 1215 – d. 12 June 1266)
- Judith (d. aft. 14 May 1277), married by 10 March 1233 to Lord Nicholas I of Werle
- Sophie (d. 23 November 1272), first married to Duke Otto I of Merania, secondly to Count Siegfried of Regenstein, and thirdly to Otto of Hadmersleben
- Bernhard I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg (b. ca. 1218 – d. 1287)
- Albert (d. ca. 1245), a Franciscan monk
- Hermann (d. 1289), a canon in Halberstadt
- Magnus (d. aft. 18 June 1264), a canon in Magdeburg
- Otto (d. aft. 19 July 1246), a canon in Magdeburg
- Siegfried I, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (b. ca. 1230 – d. Köthen, 25 March 1298)
- Hedwig (d. 21 December 1259), married on 8 May 1242 to Duke Boleslaw II of Silesia and Liegnitz-Glogau
- Gertrud (d. 1275), Abbess of Gernrode (1260–1275).
Henry I of AnhaltBorn: ca. 1170 Died: 1252
|Count of Anhalt
|County elevated to principality|
|Anhalt elevated to principality||Prince of Anhalt
as Prince of Anhalt-Aschersleben
as Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
as Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst