Henry III, Duke of Brabant

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Henry III
Duke of Brabant
Duke of Lothier
Imperial Vicar
Jindra3 Brabant.jpg
Spouse(s) Adelaide of Burgundy

Issue

Henry IV, Duke of Brabant
John I, Duke of Brabant
Godfrey, Lord of Aarschot
Marie of Brabant, Queen of France
Titles and styles
The Duke of Brabant and Lothier
Noble family House of Reginar
Father Henry II, Duke of Brabant
Mother Marie of Hohenstaufen
Born 1230
Died 28 February 1261
Leuven

Henry III of Brabant (c. 1230 – February 28, 1261, Leuven) was Duke of Brabant between 1248 and his death. He was the son of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen.[1]

The disputed territory of Lothier, the former Duchy of Lower Lorraine, was assigned to him by the German King Alfonso X of Castile. Alfonso also appointed him Imperial Vicar to advance his claims on the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1251, he married Adelaide of Burgundy (c. 1233 – October 23, 1273), daughter of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy and Yolande de Dreux,[2] by whom he had four children:

  1. Henry IV, Duke of Brabant (c. 1251 – aft. 1272) Mentally handicapped, and made to abdicate in favor of his brother John on 24 May 1267.[3]
  2. John I, Duke of Brabant (1253–1294) Married first to Marguerite of France, daughter of King Louis IX of France (Saint Louis) and his wife Margaret of Provence,[4] and later to Margaret of Flanders, daughter of Guy, Count of Flanders and his first wife Mathilda of Béthune.[5][6]
  3. Godfrey of Brabant, Lord of Aarschot (d. July 11, 1302, Kortrijk), killed at the Battle of the Golden Spurs, married 1277 Jeanne Isabeau de Vierzon (d. aft. 1296)
  4. Maria of Brabant (1256, Leuven – January 12, 1321, Murel), married at Vincennes on August 27, 1274 to King Philip III of France.

He also had two illegitimate sons:

  • John Lyngwood (+1289)
  • Gilles, ancestor of the van der Balch family.

Composed several pieces of music, among them "Amors m'est u cuer entree" and "Se kascuns del monde savoit".

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Heredum Franciæ 9, MGH SS XXV, p. 391.
  2. ^ Annales Parchenses 1253, MGH SS XVI, p. 607.
  3. ^ Miraeus (1723), Tome I, Donationes Belgicæ, Liber I, CXXIV, p. 433.
  4. ^ RHGF XXI, Chronique anonyme des rois de France, p. 81.
  5. ^ Iohannis de Thielrode Genealogia Comitum Flandriæ MGH SS IX, p. 335.
  6. ^ Oude Kronik van Brabant, p. 68.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Henry II
Duke of Brabant and Lothier
1248–1261
Succeeded by
Henry IV