Henry Jermyn, 1st Baron Dover
Jermyn was the second son of Sir Thomas Jermyn, of Rushbrooke, Suffolk, who died in 1659. He surpassed his uncle, Lord St Albans, in reputation for profligacy, figuring frequently as "the little Jermyn" in the Grammont Memoirs, as the lover of Lady Castlemaine, Lady Shrewsbury, Miss Jennings and other beauties of the court of Charles II of England. He was also a noted duelist and a lifelong gambler.
While the court was in exile, he obtained a post in the household of the Duke of York, to whom he became master of the horse at the English Restoration. Being a Roman Catholic, he enjoyed a position of influence with James, who on his accession raised Jermyn to the Peerage of England in 1685 as Baron Dover in the County of Kent, and appointed him Lieutenant-General of the Royal Guard in 1686.
At the Glorious Revolution, Dover adhered to James, whom he followed abroad, and in July 1689 the deposed sovereign created him Baron Jermyn of Royston, Baron Ipswich, Viscount Cheveley and Earl of Dover in the Jacobite Peerage, these titles not being recognised by the English Government, though Dover became generally known as the Earl of Dover. He commanded a troop at the Battle of the Boyne; but shortly afterwards made his submission to King William III. He succeeded his brother Thomas as 3rd Baron Jermyn in 1703, and died in 1708. As he left no children by his wife, Judith, daughter of Sir Edmund Poley, of Badley, Suffolk, his titles became extinct at his death.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dover, Henry Jermyn, Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This cites:
- Samuel Pepys' Diary, edited by H. B. Wheatley, 9 vols. (London, 1893);
- Anthony Hamilton, Memoirs of Grammont (Bohn edition, London, 1846);
- James Stanier Clarke, Life of James II, 2 vols. (London, 1816);
- Narcissus Luttrell, Brief Relation of State Affairs 1678-1714, 6 vols. (Oxford, 1857).
Title last held byThe Earl of Ailesbury
|Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
The Earl of Bedford
|Peerage of England|
|Baron Jermyn of St Edmundsbury
|New title||Baron Dover