Henry Kirke Brown

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Not to be confused with sculptor Henry Kirke Bush-Brown (1857-1935), the nephew of Henry Kirke Brown.
Henry Kirke Brown
Henry Kirke Brown - by Brady's National Photographic Portrait Studio (c. 1870).jpg
Henry Kirke Brown, circa 1870
Born (1814-02-24)February 24, 1814
Leyden, Massachusetts
Died July 10, 1886(1886-07-10) (aged 72)
Newburgh, New York
Nationality American
Known for Sculpture

Henry Kirke Brown (February 24, 1814, Leyden, Massachusetts – July 10, 1886, Newburgh, New York) was an American sculptor.[1]


He began to paint portraits while still a boy, studied painting in Boston under Chester Harding, learned a little about modelling, and in 1836-1839 spent his summers working as a railroad engineer to earn enough to enable him to study further.

He spent four years (1842–1846) in Italy; but returning to New York he remained distinctively American, and was never dominated, as were so many of the early American sculptors, by Italian influence.

L to R.: Henry Kirke Brown, Henry Peters Gray and Asher Brown Durand, 1850

He produced The Choosing of the Arrow for the American Art Union, in 1849.[1][2] His equestrian statues are excellent, notably that of George Washington (1856) in Union Square, New York City, which was the second equestrian statue made in the United States, following by three years that of Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. by Clark Mills (1815–1883), and of Brevet Lt. General Winfield Scott (1874) in Washington, D.C.. Brown was one of the first in America to cast his own bronzes. In 1847, Brown was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, and became a full member in 1851.[3]

Among his other works are: Abraham Lincoln (Union Square, New York City); Nathanael Greene, George Clinton, Philip Kearny, and Richard Stockton (all in the National Statuary Hall, United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.); De Witt Clinton (illustration, below) and The Angel of the Resurrection, both in Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York; and an Aboriginal Hunter.

The New York Times remarked that the DeWitt Clinton was the first American full-length sculpture cast in a single piece, when it was exhibited temporarily in City Hall Park in 1855.


Henry Brown's children include Harold Bush-Brown, a longtime director of Georgia Tech's architecture school, and James Bush-Brown, landscape architect and co-author of America's Garden Book.



  1. ^ a b "Henry Kirke Brown". National Museum of Wildlife Art. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Brown, Henry Kirke". metmuseum.org. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "National Academicians". National Academy Museum. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.