Henry Kitchener, 2nd Earl Kitchener
|Henry Kitchener, 2nd Earl Kitchener|
|Born||5 October 1846|
|Died||27 March 1937|
|Years of service||1866-1903
|Unit||46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
First World War:
- South-West Africa Campaign
- East African Campaign
|Relations||Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener
Frederick Walter Kitchener
Early life and career
He was the oldest of five children born to Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Horatio Kitchener (1805–1894) and his first wife Anne Frances Chevallier (1826–1864). Among his siblings was the famous military commander Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener.
He spent his early life in Tralee in Ireland where he and his siblings received their education from governesses and tutors. Kitchener joined the British Army in 1866 and was commissioned into the 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot before joining the newly created Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry when it was founded in 1881. He also served alongside his brother in France during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. From July 1876 until July 1878 he served as garrison instructor at the Curragh Camp in Ireland and in 1879 he was appointed the Instructor in military topography at the Royal Military College a post he held until August 1886.
He saw his first action in Burma with the British Army where he was Chief transport officer of the Field Force's during the Manipur Expedition in 1891. His was posted to Jamaica in December 1898 where he was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant General for the British colony before receiving his final posting in the Army when he was appointed commander of the Depot for the West Indies Regiment. He retired from the Army in 1903 with the rank Colonel.
After retiring he remained in Jamaica where he was a property owner and he got involved in local politics and contested the St Andrew Parish in the Legislative Council elections but was not elected. With the outbreak of the First World War he was recalled to the Army and was posted to take up a command post in South West Africa and he was also put in command of a British Expeditionary Force sent to fight the Germans in East Africa. On 5 June 1916 he succeeded his younger brother as second Earl Kitchener according to a special remainder in the letters patent. In 1918 he left Jamaica to return to Britain. After the war he moved to Kenya where he was active in encouraging the settlement of War veterans in the British colony and he also developed a number of Flax-producing estates in the colony.
- Henry Franklin Chevallier Kitchener, Viscount Broome (17 Oct 1878 – 13 Jun 1928)
- Lady Nora Fanny Kitchener (1882 - 10 May 1919)
- "Recent death of Lord Kitchener", The Gleaner, 12 April 1937: 17
- The Gleaner, 5 July 1916: 1
- To, Wireless (30 March 1937). "Earl Kitchener, Soldier's Brother". New York Times.
- "Gone to East Africa", The Gleaner, 27 January 1915: 6
- "Earl Kitchener 90, dies in Kenya colony", The Gleaner, 30 March 1937: 13
- The Gleaner, 10 June 1916: 8
- "Kitchener Arrives Here". New York Times. 20 April 1918.
- "Genealogy of Henry Kitchener, 2nd Earl Kitchener". geneall.net. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
- Henry Elliott Chevallier Kitchener, 2nd Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and of Broome - website ThePeerage.com
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|