Henry Kuttner

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Henry Kuttner
HenryKuttner39.jpg
Born Henry Kuttner
(1915-04-07)April 7, 1915
Los Angeles, California, United States
Died February 4, 1958(1958-02-04) (aged 42)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Occupation short story writer; novelist
Genre Science fiction, Fantasy, Horror

Henry Kuttner (April 7, 1915 – February 4, 1958) was an American author of science fiction, fantasy and horror.

Early life[edit]

Henry Kuttner was born in Los Angeles, California in 1915. Naphtaly Kuttner (1829–1903) and Amelia Bush (c. 1834–1911), the parents of his father, the bookseller Henry Kuttner (1863–1920), had come from Prussia and lived in San Francisco since 1859; the parents of his mother, Annie Levy (1875–1954), were from Great Britain. Henry Kuttner's great-grandfather was the scholar, Josua Heschel Kuttner. Kuttner grew up in relative poverty following the death of his father. As a young man he worked for the literary agency of his uncle,[1] Laurence D'Orsay, in Los Angeles before selling his first story, "The Graveyard Rats", to Weird Tales in early 1936.

Alfred Bester told this anecdote about Kuttner: "Mort Weisinger introduced me to the informal luncheon gatherings of the working science fiction authors of the late thirties. I met Henry Kuttner", whom Bester described as "medium-sized", "very quiet and courteous, and entirely without outstanding features. Once I broke Kuttner up quite unintentionally. I said to Weisinger, 'I've just finished a wild story that takes place in a spaceless, timeless locale where there's no objective reality. It's awfully long, 20,000 words, but I can cut the first 5,000.' Kuttner burst out laughing."[2]

The Graveyard Rats[edit]

Synopsis: Salem, Massachusetts—Cemetery caretaker "Old Masson" must deal with a teeming colony of abnormally large rats that are cutting into his graverobbing profits; the subterranean rodents drag away newly buried corpses from holes gnawed into the coffins. Apart from the flesh-eating animals, Masson eventually comes face-to-face with a burrowing zombie-like creature.

This often-anthologized tale made recent appearances in The Gruesome Book (1983, Piccolo/Pan Books) edited by Ramsey Campbell, and Weird Tales: Seven Decades of Terror (1997, Barnes & Noble Books). Other Kuttner stories are also tinged with Lovecraftian horror. 'Rats was also adapted as part of the made-for-cable anthology film Trilogy of Terror II. Years later, the central premise of abnormally large rats was used in several novels and movies, among these, the acromegalous rats in the film-version of H. G. Wells's story The Food of the Gods, and Stephen King's Graveyard Shift (1970), which deals with a colony of mutated rats nesting beneath a textile mill.

Kuttner and Moore[edit]

Kuttner was known for his literary prose and worked in close collaboration with his wife, C. L. Moore. They met through their association with the "Lovecraft Circle", a group of writers and fans who corresponded with H. P. Lovecraft.[3] Their work together spanned the 1940s and 1950s and most of the work was credited to pseudonyms, mainly Lewis Padgett and Lawrence O'Donnell. Both freely admitted that one reason they worked so much together was because his page rate was higher than hers.[citation needed] In fact, several people have written or said that she wrote three stories which were published under his name.[citation needed] "Clash by Night" and The Portal in the Picture, also known as Beyond Earth's Gates, have both been alleged to have been written by her.[citation needed]

L. Sprague de Camp, who knew Kuttner and Moore well, has stated that their collaboration was so intensive that, after a story was completed, it was often impossible for either Kuttner or Moore to recall who had written which portions. According to de Camp, it was typical for either partner to break off from a story in mid-paragraph or even mid-sentence, with the latest page of the manuscript still in the typewriter. The other spouse would routinely continue the story where the first had left off. They alternated in this manner as many times as necessary until the story was finished.

Among Kuttner's most popular work were the Gallegher stories, published under the Padgett name, about a man who invented high-tech solutions to client problems (including an insufferably egomaniacal robot) when he was stinking drunk, only to be completely unable to remember exactly what he had built or why after sobering up. These stories were later collected in Robots Have No Tails. In the introduction to the paperback reprint edition after his death, Moore stated that all the Gallegher stories were written by Kuttner alone.

In 2007, New Line Cinema released a feature film loosely based on the Lewis Padgett short story "Mimsy Were the Borogoves" under the title The Last Mimzy. In addition, The Best of Henry Kuttner was republished under the title The Last Mimzy Stories.

Influence[edit]

Marion Zimmer Bradley is among many authors who have cited Kuttner as an influence. Her novel The Bloody Sun is dedicated to him. Roger Zelazny has talked about the influence of The Dark World on his Amber series.

Kuttner's friend Richard Matheson dedicated his 1954 novel I Am Legend to Kuttner, with thanks for his help and encouragement. Ray Bradbury has said that Kuttner actually wrote the last 300 words of Bradbury's first horror story, "The Candle" (Weird Tales, November 1942). Bradbury has referred to Kuttner as a neglected master and a "pomegranate writer: popping with seeds—full of ideas".[4]

William S. Burroughs's novel The Ticket That Exploded contains direct quotes from Kuttner regarding the "Happy Cloak" parasitic pleasure monster from the Venusian seas.

The Cthulhu Mythos[edit]

A friend of Lovecraft's as well as of Clark Ashton Smith, Kuttner contributed several stories to the Cthulhu Mythos genre invented by those authors (among others). Among these were "The Secret of Kralitz" (Weird Tales, October 1936), "The Eater of Souls" (Weird Tales, January 1937), "The Salem Horror" (Weird Tales, May 1937), "The Invaders" (Strange Stories, February 1939) and "The Hunt" (Strange Stories, June 1939).[5]

Kuttner added a few lesser-known deities to the Mythos, including Iod ("The Secret of Kralitz"), Vorvadoss ("The Eater of Souls"), and Nyogtha ("The Salem Horror"). Critic Shawn Ramsey suggests that Abigail Prinn, the villain of "The Salem Horror", might have been intended by Kuttner to be a descendant of Ludvig Prinn, author of De Vermis Mysteriis—a book that appears in Kuttner's "The Invaders".[6]

Crypt of Cthulhu 5, No 7 (whole number 41)(Lammas 1986), edited by Robert M. Price, was a special Henry Kuttner issue collecting eight Cthulhu Mythos stories by Kuttner. (It did not include "Spawn of Dagon" or "The Invaders").

The Book of Iod: Ten Tales of the Mythos is a collection of Kuttner's Cthulhu Mythos stories edited by Robert M. Price (Chaosium, 1995). (It also contains three additional tales concerning 'Iod's dread tome' by Robert Bloch, Lin Carter and Robert M. Price). The Kuttner stories included are: "The Secret of Kralitz", "The Eater of Souls", "The Salem Horror", "The Jest of Droom-Avesta", "Spawn of Dagon", "The Invaders", "The Frog", "Hydra", "Bells of Horror" and "The Hunt" - thus, all the Mythos stories which had appeared in the special Kuttner issue of Crypt of Cthulhu, plus "Spawn of Dagon" and "The Invaders". The story "The Black Kiss" (printed here, as often elsewhere, under the joint byline of Kuttner and Robert Bloch, was in fact written entirely by Bloch; Bloch co-credited Kuttner on the tale due to using the character Michael Leigh from "The Salem Horror")[7] "Beneath the Tombstone" by Robert M. Price and "Dead of Night" by Lin Carter round out the volume. Price points out in his introduction to the volume that "Henry Kuttner's own private corner of the Cthulhu Mythos was, then, apparently derived in about equal measure from Lovecraft, Bloch, Zoroastrianism, and Theosophy." [8]

Later life[edit]

Henry Kuttner spent the middle 1950s getting his master's degree before dying of a heart attack in Los Angeles in 1958.

Partial bibliography[edit]

Short stories[edit]

Tony Quade stories[edit]

  • "I. Hollywood on the Moon" (1938)
  • "II. Doom World" (1938)
  • "III. The Star Parade" (1938)
  • "IV. Trouble on Titan" (1941)

Elak of Atlantis stories[edit]

Cover of Weird Tales, July 1938
  • "Thunder in the Dawn" (1938)
  • "Spawn of Dagon" (1938)
  • "Beyond the Phoenix" (1939)
  • "Dragon Moon" (1940)

Thunder Jim Wade series (as by Charles Stoddard)[edit]

  • "Thunder Jim Wade" (1941)
  • "The Hills of Gold" (1941)
  • "The Poison People" (1941)
  • "The Devil's Glacier" (1941)
  • "Waters of Death" (1941)

"Baldy" Stories[edit]

  • "The Piper's Son" (1945)
  • "Three Blind Mice" (1945)
  • "The Lion And The Unicorn" (1945)
  • "Beggars in Velvet" (1945)
  • "Humpty Dumpty" (1953)

Other[edit]

  • "The Graveyard Rats" (1936) adapted for television movie Trilogy of Terror II (1996)[1]
  • "The Secret of Kralitz" (1936)
  • "The Eater of Souls" (1937)
  • "The Salem Horror" (1937)
  • "The Invaders" (1939)
  • "Bells of Horror" (1939)
  • "The Hunt" (1939)
  • "Beauty and the Beast" (1940)
  • "Masquerade" (1942), adapted for episode of television series Thriller (1961) [2]
  • "Mimsy Were the Borogoves" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943) used as the basis for the 2007 movie The Last Mimzy[3], and for the French TV adaptation "Tout spliques étaient les Borogoves" (1970)[4]
  • "Clash by Night" (with C. L. Moore) (1943)
  • "The Proud Robot" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943)
  • "The Time Locker" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943)
  • "Gallegher Plus" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943)
  • "Nothing but Gingerbread Left" (1943)
  • "The Twonky" (as Lewis Padgett, 1940s?), adapted for film of the same name in 1953 [5]
  • "The World Is Mine" (as Lewis Padgett, 1943)
  • "What You Need" (as Lewis Padgett, 1945) adapted for "What You Need" episodes of Tales of Tomorrow (1952)[6] and The Twilight Zone (1959) television shows [7]
  • "The Cure" (1946)
  • "The Dark Angel" (with C. L. Moore, 1946), later published as "Dark Angel" (as Lewis Padgett, 1975), adapted for episode of same name of television series Tales of Tomorrow [8]
  • "Call Him Demon" (1946)
  • "Vintage Season" (with C. L. Moore; 1946), filmed in 1992 as Timescape [9]
  • "Ex Machina" (as Lewis Padgett, 1948)
  • "Happy Ending" (1949)
  • "Satan Sends Flowers" (1953)
  • "Or Else" (??), published in the anthology The War Book (edited by James Sallis, 1969).
  • The Best of Henry Kuttner anthologizes 17 stories. (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975).
  • The Eyes of Thar
  • Atomic!

Fixups[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • A Million Years to Conquer (1940), published in book form as The Creature from Beyond Infinity (1968)
  • Earth's Last Citadel (with C. L. Moore) (1943, first book publication 1964)
  • The Fairy Chessmen (1946, as Lewis Padgett, also retitled as Chessboard Planet and The Far Reality)
  • Valley of the Flame (1946, first book publication 1964)
  • The Dark World (with C. L. Moore (assumed)) (1946, first book publication 1965)
  • The Brass Ring (with C. L. Moore) (1946, nongenre, also published as Murder in Brass)
  • Tomorrow and Tomorrow (1947, as Lewis Padgett)
  • Fury (1947, first book publication 1950, later published under the title Destination: Infinity (1958))
  • The Day He Died (with C. L. Moore) (1947, nongenre)
  • The Mask of Circe (1948, first book publication 1971)
  • The Time Axis (1949, first book publication 1965)
  • The Portal in the Picture (with C. L. Moore) (1949, also known as Beyond Earth's Gates)
  • The Well of the Worlds (1952, first book publication 1953)
  • Man Drowning (1952, nongenre)
  • The Murder of Eleanor Pope (1956, nongenre)
  • The Murder of Ann Avery (1956, nongenre)
  • Murder of a Mistress (1957, nongenre)
  • Murder of a Wife (1958, nongenre)

Collections[edit]

  • Ahead of Time
  • The Best of Henry Kuttner (split in paperback into two volumes, The Best of Kuttner 1 and *The Best of Kuttner 2)
  • The Book of Iod
  • Bypass to Otherness
  • Chessboard Planet and Other Stories (with C.L. Moore)
  • Clash by Night and Other Stories (with C.L. Moore)
  • Detour to Otherness (with C.L. Moore)
  • Elak of Atlantis
  • A Gnome There Was
  • Hollywood on the Moon / Man About Time: The Pete Manx Adventures (with Arthur K. Barnes) (announced for 2011)
  • Kuttner Times Three
  • Line to Tomorrow and Other Stories of Fantasy and Science Fiction (with C.L. Moore)
  • The Michael Gray Murders (with C.L. Moore) (announced for 2012)
  • No Boundaries (with C.L. Moore)
  • Prince Raynor
  • Return to Otherness
  • Secret of the Earth Star and Others
  • The Startling Worlds of Henry Kuttner
  • Terror in the House: The Early Kuttner, Volume One
  • Thunder in the Void
  • Thunder Jim Wade
  • Two-Handed Engine: The Selected Short Fiction of Henry Kuttner & C.L. Moore
  • The Hogben ChroniclesKickstarter Project posthumously pushed by Neil Gaiman, F. Paul Wilson, Pierce Waters, Thomas L. Monteleone, and with special assist by Alan Moore. [10]

Television[edit]

Comic Books[edit]

  • "Doiby Dickles Enters High Sassiety"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #12; Summer 1944

  • "The Gambler"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #12; Summer 1944

  • "The Lord Haw-Haw of Crime"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #13; Fall 1944

  • "Doiby Dickles, Da District Attorney"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; All-American Comics #62; December 1944

  • "A Tale of a City"

Green Lantern comic story; 12 pages; Comic Cavalcade #9; Winter 1944

  • "The Cave Kid Goes To Town"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #14; Winter 1944-45

  • "The Jewel of Hope"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #16; Summer 1945

  • "Doiby Dickles, the Human Bomb"

Green Lantern comic story; 12 pages; All-American Comics #71; March 1946

  • "The Last of the Buccaneers"

Green Lantern comic story; 12 pages; Green Lantern #18; Winter 1945-1946

  • "The Man Who Doubled In Death, or, The Duplicity of Johnny Double"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #18; Winter 1945-1946

  • "Sing a Song of Disaster"

Green Lantern comic story; 12 pages; Green Lantern #19; April–May 1946

  • "Dickles Vs. Fate"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #19; April–May 1946

  • "Jonah Was a Jinx"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #19; April–May 1946

  • "The Gambler Comes Back"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #20; June–July 1946

  • "The Good Humor Man"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #21; August–September 1946

  • "What Makes Goitrude Go?"

Green Lantern / comic story / 13 pages; Green Lantern (1941 series) #21 August–September 1946

  • "The Man Who Insults Everybody"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #22; October–November 1946

  • "The Invisible World"

Green Lantern comic story; 13 pages; Green Lantern #22; October–November 1946

Pseudonyms[edit]

  • Edward J. Bellin
  • Paul Edmonds
  • Noel Gardner
  • Will Garth
  • James Hall
  • Keith Hammond
  • Hudson Hastings
  • Peter Horn
  • Kelvin Kent
  • Robert O. Kenyon
  • C. H. Liddell
  • Hugh Maepenn
  • Scott Morgan
  • Lawrence O'Donnell
  • Lewis Padgett
  • Woodrow Wilson Smith
  • Charles Stoddard

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to Robert Bloch in his autobiography Once Around The Bloch (1995).
  2. ^ Bester, Alfred (1976). "My Affair with Science Fiction". Star Light, Star Bright: The Great Short Fiction of Alfred Bester, Volume II. New York: Berkley. p. 225. 
  3. ^ DeCamp, L. Sprague. Warlocks and Warriors, p. 167 (NY, Berkley 1971).
  4. ^ Ray Bradbury, "Introduction: Henry Kuttner: A Neglected Master" in The Best of Henry Kuttner, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975, pp. vii–xii. "Pomegranate" is on p. vii; Shawn Ramsey, "Henry Kuttner's Cthulhu Mythos Fiction: An Overview", in The Horror of It All, Robert M. Price, ed.
  5. ^ His Mythos related stories were published in The Book of Iod in 1995, edited by Robert M. Price.
  6. ^ Ramsey, p. 122.
  7. ^ Robert M. Price, "Editorial Shards", Crypt of Cthulhu 41 (Lammas 1986), p. 2
  8. ^ "The Khut-N'ha Mythos" by Robert M. Price (ed) in Henry Kuttner, The Book of Iod (Chaosium, 1995), vi.

Further reading[edit]

  • Robert Bloch. "The Closest Approach" in Bloch's Out of My Head. Cambridge MA: NESFA Press, 1986, 47-53.
  • Don D'Amassa, "Henry Kuttner: Man of Many Voices" in Darrell Schweitzer (ed.), Discovering Classic Fantasy Fiction, Gillette, NJ: Wildside Press, 1996, pp. 122–125.

External links[edit]