Henry Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton

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The Earl of Carhampton
Henryluttrell.png
The Earl of Carhampton
Born 7 August 1743
Died 25 April 1821(1821-04-25) (aged 77)
London
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1757 - 1798
Rank General
Commands held Ireland
Battles/wars Seven Years' War
United Irishmen Rebellion

General Henry Lawes Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton PC (7 August 1743 – 25 April 1821) was a politician and soldier.

Military career[edit]

Educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford, Luttrell was commissioned into the 48th Regiment of Foot in 1757.[1] In 1762, during the Seven Years' War, he became Deputy Adjutant-General of the British Forces in Portugal.[1] In 1768 he became a Tory Member of Parliament in for the village of Bossiney, Cornwall.[2] Then in 1769 he became Member of Parliament for Middlesex defeating John Wilkes in controversial circumstances; Wilkes outpolled him by a large margin, but the House of Commons declared that Luttrell "should have been returned" and seated him.[3] As a reward for unseating Wilkes he was made Adjutant-General for Ireland in 1770.[1] He then became active in Irish politics and between 1783 and 1787, he sat in the Irish House of Commons for Old Leighlin.[1]

Luttrell succeeded to the Earldom and other titles on the death of his father in 1787.[1] Meanwhile he became Colonel of the 6th Dragoon Guards and Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance in Ireland.[1] He re-entered the Westminster Parliament as Member for Plympton Erle in 1790.[1] Then in 1796 he was made Commander-in-Chief, Ireland[1] and in 1798 he led the British suppression of the United Irishmen Rebellion.[1]

When the Dublin Post of 2 May 1811 erroneously reported his death, he demanded a retraction which they printed under the headline Public Disappointment.[4]

He purchased an estate at Painshill Park in Surrey and re-entered parliament in June 1817 as Member for Ludgershall and held the seat until his death.[1]

He was a member of the Irish branch of the ancient family of Luttrell and a descendant of Sir Geoffrey de Luterel, who established Luttrellstown Castle, County Dublin in the early 13th century.[5]

Family[edit]

He briefly married Elizabeth Mullen in 1759, and had a daughter, Harriet Luttrell. This marriage was later annulled.[6]

He married Jane Boyd in 1776, but they had no children and was succeeded by his brother John.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k A. F. Blackstock, ‘Luttrell, Henry Lawes, second earl of Carhampton (1737–1821)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ The rejection of Wilkes and selection of Luttrell by the House of Commons preoccupied parliament and the nation. The debates were emotional, and illustrated the weakness of the ministries leading up to the American revolution. See e.g. 16 Parliamentary History of England, London: Hansard, 1813, pp. 424-28, 532-96. At the polls, Luttrell received 296 votes to 1143 for Wilkes, as his counsel acknowledged, id. at 589, at a hearing before commons rejected a petition by the voters who said the majority "would not by any means have chosen to be represented by the said Henry Lawes Luttrell, esq.; ... he cannot sit as the representative of said county in parliament, without manifest infringement of the rights and privileges" of the voters. Id. at 588. Note this source is available for free download from Google books.
  4. ^ Ask about Ireland
  5. ^ Enchanting Ireland
  6. ^ http://archive.org/details/sketchofsomeofde00ward

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Edward Wortley Montagu
Lord Mount Stuart
Member of Parliament for Bossiney
17681769
With: Lord Mount Stuart
Succeeded by
Lord Mount Stuart
Sir George Osborn, Bt
Preceded by
John Wilkes
John Glynn
Member of Parliament for Middlesex
17691774
With: John Glynn
Succeeded by
John Glynn
John Wilkes
Preceded by
Lord Mount Stuart
Sir George Osborn, Bt
Member of Parliament for Bossiney
17741784
With: Lord Mount Stuart 1774–1776
Charles Stuart 1776–1784
Succeeded by
Charles Stuart
Bamber Gascoyne
Preceded by
John Stephenson
John Pardoe
Member of Parliament for Plympton Erle
17901794
With: Philip Metcalfe
Succeeded by
Philip Metcalfe
William Manning
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Robert Jephson
Sir John Blaquiere
Member of Parliament for Old Leighlin
1783–1787
With: Hon. Arthur Acheson
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Leslie, Bt
Hon. Arthur Acheson
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Joseph Birch
Charles Nicholas Pallmer
Member of Parliament for Ludgershall
18171821
With: Joseph Birch 1817–1818
Sandford Graham 1818–1821
Succeeded by
Sandford Graham
Earl of Brecknock
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir John Irwin
Colonel of the 6th Regiment of Dragoon Guards
1788–1821
Succeeded by
Robert Taylor
Preceded by
The Lord Rossmore
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1796–1798
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Abercromby
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Simon Luttrell
Earl of Carhampton
1787–1821
Succeeded by
John Luttrell-Olmius