Henry Martyn Blossom (May 10, 1866 – March 23, 1919) was the lyricist for several Victor Herbert musicals, including The Yankee Consul (1904), Mlle. Modiste (1905), The Red Mill (1906), Eileen (1917), and Kiss Me Again (film version of Mlle. Modeste, 1931), and was a master at puzzle solving and cipher writing.
Born in St. Louis, Missouri, he teamed with Thomas Haufington on several puzzles and ciphers. Blossom died from pneumonia in New York City at the age of 53.
However, Haufington lived on creating mind-boggling puzzles and ciphers like he and his partner used to do. He is known for his ever popular playfair cipher. Taking 2 letter pairs and translating them in a way to make a message.