Henry Marten (educator)
Henry Marten was born with his twin sister Isabel in Kensington, London. He was the younger son of Sir Alfred Marten and his wife, Patricia. Marten entered Eton College, and from there matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford, in 1891. In 1895, he graduated with a first class degree in modern history, and accepted an offer from Edmond Warre to return to Eton to teach history.
He was a founder member of the Historical Association in 1906. In 1912, he published The Groundwork of British History with his co-author, G. Townsend Warner, which became "one of the most used school textbooks of the first half of the twentieth century". With E. H. Carter,[a] he wrote a school textbook for younger children, in several volumes, titled simply "Histories". Other collaborative works included The Teaching of History in 1938.
In 1925, Marten narrowly missed becoming Master of Magdalene College, in Cambridge, when he was recommended as a possible candidate to Lord Braybrooke, but the College Fellows opposed the appointment in preference for another candidate, A. S. Ramsey. Braybrooke chose to appoint neither, and instead A. B. Ramsay, who was Lower Master at Eton, got the job. With Ramsay gone from Eton, Marten rose into Ramsay's vacated post. Further promotions followed, to Vice-Provost in 1929, and Provost in 1945.
In 1938, Marten began instructing Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II) in constitutional history. He was appointed Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in the 1945 New Year Honours, and received the accolade from King George VI on 4 March 1945, on the steps of Eton College Chapel.
He died unmarried in the Provost's Lodge at Eton, where the Marten Library is named after him. The library contains his collection of books, which he bequeathed to Eton on his death.
- Birley, Sir Robert, revised by Tim Card, (2004). "Marten, Sir (Clarence) Henry Kennett (1872–1948)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 22 September 2009 (Subscription required)
- "Histories", ("Three year course, Book I, Our Heritage"), 1931 edition, CHK Marten and EH Carter, Basil Blackwell, Oxford
- Crawford, Marion (1950). The Little Princesses. London: Cassell and Co.
- The London Gazette: . 29 December 1944. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
Lord Hugh Cecil
|Provost of Eton College
Claude Aurelius Elliott