Henry Meadows of Wolverhampton, England were major suppliers of engines and transmissions, to the smaller companies in the British motor industry. Founded in 1920 in Park Lane, Wolverhampton, as a car gearbox maker, they expanded into petrol engines in 1922 and in the 1930s built a large factory in Fallings Park, Wolverhampton.
Petrol and diesel engines
One of the most popular petrol engines was the 1.5-litre four-cylinder Type 4ED engine, widely used by Frazer Nash and Lea-Francis during the 1920s and 30s. Another successful product, the 4.5-litre 6-cylinder engine is best remembered as the power unit for Invicta and Lagonda cars.
In World War II they built the flat-12 petrol engine of 300 bhp used in the Covenanter This engine was also used in the prototype A20 tank, although this weighed more than twice the Covenanter and so was considered underpowered. The later, and widely used, A22 Churchill tank was a development of the A20. Partly to provide more power, and also to improve production time, this was instead powered by a Vauxhall flat-12 engine termed the "Twin-Six", as it was based on two pre-existing Bedford six-cylinder lorry engines. This engine was slightly more powerful, but only to a rated 350 bhp. Meadows were also involved in the Rolls-Royce Meteor petrol tank engine from 1944.
After World War II they continued making diesel engines both for the vehicle, marine and stationary markets. Many were supplied to their neighbor in Fallings Park, Guy Motors for use in their buses and trucks. A small number of diesel engines was supplied for British Rail Railbuses in 1958.
Merger and closure
The company became part of Associated British Engineering and Henry Meadows closed in 1960.
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