Henry Meysey-Thompson, 1st Baron Knaresborough

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"Coaching". Caricature by Ape published in Vanity Fair in 1887.

Henry Meysey Meysey-Thompson, 1st Baron Knaresborough (30 August 1845 – 3 March 1929) was a Liberal (and later Liberal Unionist) politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1880 and 1905 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Knaresborough.

A 1912 portrait of Meysey-Thompson by R. G. Eves.

Meysey-Thompson was born at Kirby Hall, near Great Ouseburn, North Yorkshire, the son of Sir Harry Meysey-Thompson, 1st Baronet and his wife Elizabeth Anne Croft, daughter of Sir John Croft, 1st Baronet. He was educated at Eton College and at Trinity College, Cambridge where he won his blue in athletics and was awarded BA in 1868. He became a private secretary to William Ewart Gladstone.[1] In 1874, he succeeded to the Meysey-Thompson baronetcy which had been created for his father less than two months earlier. He was a J.P. for the North and West Ridings of Yorkshire, and captain in the Yorkshire Hussars Yeoman Cavalry.[2]

At the 1880 general election Meysey-Thompson was elected Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Knaresborough, but his election was declared void on 23 July 1880.[3] In 1885 he stood for parliament unsuccessfully at North Lincolnshire.[2] At the 1885 general election he was elected MP for Brigg.[4] However in 1886, as one of the MPs who opposed Gladstone's Irish Home Rule Bill, he joined the breakaway Liberal Unionist Party, but was not re-elected.

Meysey-Thompson was elected MP for Handsworth (on the outskirts of Birmingham), at the 1892 general election and held that seat until he was ennobled on 26 December 1905 as Baron Knaresborough, of Kirkby Hall in the County of York.[5][6]

Lord Knaresborough was chairman of the North Eastern Railway from 1912 to 1922. He died in London at the age of 83.[1]

Meysey-Thompson married Ethel Adeline Pottinger, daughter of Sir Henry Pottinger, 3rd Baronet in 1885.[2] Their son Claude died in 1915 at Ypres from wounds received in action in World War I. The peerage became extinct on the death of Lord Knaresborough in 1929 but the baronetcy passed to a nephew.[1]

His brothers, Albert and Charles won the FA Cup with the Wanderers in 1872 and 1873 respectively.[7]

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Basil Thomas Woodd
Member of Parliament for Knaresborough
1880–1881
Succeeded by
Thomas Collins
New constituency Member of Parliament for Brigg
18851886
Succeeded by
Samuel Danks Waddy
Preceded by
Henry Samuel Wiggin
Member of Parliament for Handsworth
18921905
Succeeded by
Ernest Meysey-Thompson
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Harry Stephen Meysey-Thompson
Baronet
of Kirby Hall, Yorkshire

1874–1929
Succeeded by
Algar de Clifford Charles Meysey-Thompson
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Knaresborough
1905–1929
Extinct
Business positions
Preceded by
John Lloyd Wharton
Chairman of the North Eastern Railway
1912–1922
Succeeded by
William Whitelaw
as Chairman,
London and North Eastern Railway