Henry Mond, 2nd Baron Melchett

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Henry Ludwig Mond
1920s Henry Ludwig Mond, Liberal.jpg
Henry Mond circa 1920
Born 10 May 1898
London, England
Died 22 January 1949
Miami Beach, Florida, USA
Nationality English
Education Winchester College
Occupation Politician, industrialist, financier
Title Baron
Spouse(s) Amy Gwen Wilson
Children Julian, 3rd Baron Melchett
Parents Alfred Mond, 1st Baron Melchett
Violet Goetze

Henry Ludwig Mond, 2nd Baron Melchett (10 May 1898 – 22 January 1949) was a British politician, industrialist and financier.

Early life and education[edit]

Henry Mond was born in London, the only son of Alfred Mond and his wife Violet. He was educated at Winchester College. From 1915 he served in World War I with the South Wales Borderers but was wounded in 1916.[1]

Business life[edit]

He then joined some of his father's businesses, becoming a director of - and from 1940 to 1947 chairman of - Imperial Chemical Industries and he was also a director of the Mond Nickel Company and Barclays Bank.[1]

Politics[edit]

He served as Member of Parliament for the Isle of Ely 1923-24 as a Liberal. He then became a Conservative and was Member of Parliament for Liverpool East Toxteth from 1929 to 1930, when on the death of his father he succeeded to the barony becoming the 2nd Baron Melchett.[2] He then set about restoring the family finances and moved his interests away from politics to economics.[1]

Religion[edit]

Having been brought up in the Church of England, he reverted in the 1930s to his family's original Judaism and became a champion of Zionism, hoping that the Jews and Arabs could live harmoniously alongside each other. He advocated the evacuation of Jews from Germany to Palestine and supported the formation of an independent state of Palestine as part of the British Commonwealth. He was chairman of the British Agency for Palestine and took an interest in the Maccabean Jewish youth organisation.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Portrait of Henry Mond, 2nd Baron Melchett, painted by Glyn Warren Philpot

He married Amy Gwen Wilson, originally from South Africa, at Chelsea Register Office on 30 January 1920 [3] She was described as: "a show stopping beauty and artist".[4]

The couple lived in a London home, Mulberry House in Smith Square, Westminster, in a ménage à trois relationship with writer Gilbert Cannan, a friend of D H Lawrence.[4] Paying homage to the relationship, they commissioned a 1.6m high relief from the era's prominent artist Charles Sargeant Jagger called "Scandal", which they displayed in their living room.[4] This showed a naked couple in an intimate embrace watched by society ladies in a state of outrage. The sculpture and the Baron's relationship led to censure and outrage from their contemporaries.[4] The work was bought by the Victoria and Albert Museum[4] for £106,000 where it is on display.[5]

Family[edit]

They had had two sons and one daughter. The elder son, Derek, was killed in a flying accident while he was serving with the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in 1945. Mond bought and restored Colworth House on the edge of the Bedfordshire village of Sharnbrook and lived there for twelve years. During World War II he made the house available for the recuperation of American nurses[1] and to house Jewish refugees.[citation needed] He sold the house to Unilever in 1947 due to his wife's belief that moving to Florida would restore his health.[citation needed] He died at Miami Beach, Florida in 1949 and the title passed to his surviving son Julian.[2]

Publications[edit]

  • Why the Crisis? (1931)
  • Modern Money (1932)
  • Thy Neighbour (1937)
  • Hunting and Polo

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Greenaway, Frank (2004) 'Mond family (per. 1867-1973)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, [1], retrieved on 9 March 2007.
  2. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page, accessed 9 March 2007
  3. ^ The Mond Legacy by Jean Goodman Weidenfeld & Nicolson 1982
  4. ^ a b c d e ""On display, the sculpture that revealed an aristocrat's guilty secret" by Arifa Akba, The Independent, 18 April 2009". London. 18 April 2009. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "Scandal Relief at the Victoria and Albert Museum with image". Retrieved 19 April 2009. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Norman Coates
Member of Parliament for Isle of Ely
19231924
Succeeded by
Hugh Lucas-Tooth
Preceded by
Albert Edward Jacob
Member of Parliament for Liverpool East Toxteth
19291931
Succeeded by
Patrick Buchan-Hepburn
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alfred Moritz Mond
Baron Melchett
1930–1949
Succeeded by
Julian Mond