Henry Osborn (Royal Navy officer)
Portrait by Claude Arnulphy
|Died||4 February 1771|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Great Britain|
|Commands held||Mediterranean Fleet|
On 14 May 1729, Osborn was appointed the first commodore governor of Newfoundland, when Lord Vere Beauclerk, the naval commander of Newfoundland had declined. He visited all of the notable places on the island and divided it into six districts. Within each of the districts he appointed magistrates and constables. On 1757, he was promoted Admiral of the Blue and appointed Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet.
Battle of Cartagena
In late 1757 Osborn besieged the neutral port of Cartagena in Spain where a French squadron designed to go to the relief of Louisbourg had taken shelter. While there he attacked a small French squadron under Michel-Ange Duquesne de Menneville which was coming to the aid of the trapped force. Two French ships were captured, including Duquesne's flagship and it indirectly led to the successful British capture of Louisbourg later that year. The battle helped to restore the Royal Navy's reputation following the failed attempt to relieve Minorca two years earlier which had led to Admiral Byng's execution.
- Pearsall, A. W. H. (Jan 2008) . "Osborn, Henry (bap. 1694, d. 1771)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/20878. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) The first edition of this text is available as an article on Wikisource: "Osborne, Henry". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Rodger, N.A.M. (2006). Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain, 1649-1815. Penguin Books.
- Thompson, Frederic F. (1979). "Henry Osborn". In Halpenny, Francess G. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. IV (1771–1800) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- Beatson, Robert (1807). A chronological register of both houses of the British Parliament II.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
The Earl of Upper Ossory
|Member of Parliament for Bedfordshire
With: Sir Thomas Alston, Bt
Marquess of Tavistock
Philippe Pastour de Costebelle
|Commodore Governor of Newfoundland
The Lord Anson
|Vice-Admiral of Great Britain