Henry Rohlman

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Most Reverend
Henry P. Rohlman, DD
Archbishop of Dubuque
Archbishop Henry Rohlman.jpg
Church Catholic Church
Appointed June 15, 1944
In office November 11, 1946 – December 2, 1954
Predecessor Francis Beckman
Successor Leo Binz
Orders
Ordination December 21, 1901
by Paul Bruchesi
Consecration July 25, 1927
by James Keane
Personal details
Born (1876-03-17)March 17, 1876
Appelhuelsen Westphalia, Germany
Died September 13, 1957(1957-09-13) (aged 81)
Dubuque, Iowa
Previous post Bishop of Davenport
Titular Archbishop of Macra
Coadjutor Archbishop of Dubuque

Henry Patrick Rohlman (March 17, 1876–September 13, 1957) was a 20th-century bishop in the Catholic Church in the United States. He served as bishop of the Diocese of Davenport from 1927–1944 and as coadjutor archbishop and archbishop of the Archdiocese of Dubuque from 1944–1954.

Early life and Ministry[edit]

Rohlman was born in Appelhuelsen, Westphalia (present day Germany) to Bernard and Bernadine (Hussman) Rohlman. [1] When he was two years old his family immigrated to the United States and settled in Carroll County, Iowa. They moved to Arkansas where both of his parents died. Henry was moved to Nebraska where he finished elementary school and worked on a farm. Through the generosity of people from Carroll County[2] he studied in the high school department at St. Lawrence Seminary, Mount Calvary, Wisconsin, and graduated from Columbia College, now Loras College, in Dubuque.[3] He studied for the priesthood at the Grand séminaire de Montréal and was ordained a priest by Archbishop Paul Bruchesi in Montreal for the Archdiocese of Dubuque on December 21, 1901.

Rohlman engaged in pastoral work in Dubuque [1] before attending The Catholic University of America in Washington, DC with a view to becoming a missionary.[3] When he returned to Dubuque he was assigned to the Apostolate, which preached parish missions in the archdiocese, as well as the other dioceses in Iowa. He became pastor at St. Mary's Church in Waterloo before serving as business manager at Columbia College. In the early 1920s, Rohlman was asked to form Nativity parish in Dubuque.

Bishop of Davenport[edit]

On May 20, 1927, Pope Pius XI named Rohlman the fourth bishop of the Diocese of Davenport. Rohlman was consecrated by Archbishop James Keane of Dubuque in St. Raphael's Cathedral on July 25, 1927. He was installed the next day as Bishop of Davenport in Sacred Heart Cathedral. The principal co-consecrators were Bishops Edmond Heelan of Sioux City and Thomas W. Drumm of Des Moines.[4]

In 1928 Bishop Rohlman commissioned a study to assess the social problems in the diocese. The result of this study was the establishment of Catholic Charities in 1929. He named the Rev. Martin Cone as its first director. Its immediate focus was the welfare of the children at St. Vincent’s Home in Davenport.[5]

Marycrest College was founded in Davenport when Rohlman was the diocesan bishop.

Two colleges for women were started in the diocese during Bishop Rohlman’s episcopate. The Sisters of St. Francis in Clinton established Mt. St. Clare College (now Ashford University) in 1928. It was an extension of their academy, which had been established in the 1890s. St. Ambrose College started a woman’s division in 1934 and continued to support it as it searched for a religious order of women to take it over. In 1937 property was secured for a woman’s college in Davenport on the westside of the city. The Congregation of the Humility of Mary at Rohlman’s urging established Marycrest College in 1939 from the woman’s division of St. Ambrose.[6]

The diocese celebrated its Golden Jubilee in 1931. The next year Bishop Rohlman convoked the diocese’s third synod. The synod was called to bring the diocese’s regulations in line with the Code of Canon Law, which had been promulgated in 1917. It also set the salary for pastors at $1,000 per year, plus household expenses, and associate pastors and chaplain’s salaries were set at $500.[7] Catholic Charities had set up their offices in the Kahl Building. They were joined in 1932 with the chancery and the newly established superintendent of schools. All of these offices and the bishop’s office moved into a property on Church Square behind St. Anthony’s Church downtown. It was renamed the Cosgrove Building after Davenport’s second bishop, Henry Cosgrove.[8]

Rohlman had the difficult task of leading the diocese through the Great Depression and World War II. The Catholic Messenger, an independent Catholic newspaper published in Davenport, was experiencing financial problems during the Depression and was purchased by the diocese for use as a diocesan newspaper in 1937.[7] A national edition to the paper was still published in addition to a diocesan addition for a couple decades after its purchase. The Messenger moved its offices into the Cosgrove Building, until they moved across the street into the Democrat Building.

Until Bishop Rohlman came to the diocese only five priests had been recognized for their contributions to the church by being given a papal honor, all of them from Bishop Davis. Rohlman named monsignors every two years. By the time he returned to Dubuque, twenty-four priests had been honored and five were recognized twice.[9] Bishop Rohlman served as Bishop of Davenport for 17 years until September 8, 1944, when he was named to the See of Dubuque.

Archbishop of Dubuque[edit]

During the early 1940s, Archbishop Francis Beckman of Dubuque had involved the archdiocese in a dubious financial scheme. Beckman had been talked into investing borrowed money in gold mines with the idea that the profits could be used to further an art collection he had established at Columbia College. However, the scheme was soon revealed to be a fraud, and the man behind the scheme was arrested. Because Beckman had signed loans in the archdiocese's name, it led to financial difficulties for the archdiocese when the holders of the notes began demanding repayment. Because of the financial problems surrounding Beckman, Bishop Rohlman was transferred to Dubuque by Pope Pius XII and named Titular Archbishop of Macra and Coadjutor Archbishop of Dubuque. It was made clear to Beckman that while he retained the title "Archbishop", Rohlman was now the leader of the archdiocese. On November 11, 1946, Archbishop Beckman retired from office and left Dubuque. Rohlman automatically became the seventh bishop and fifth archbishop of Dubuque.

While Rohlman was archbishop, Christ the King Chapel was constructed at Loras College, St. Mary's Home for Children was built in Dubuque, and the number of priests in the archdiocese rose from 290 to 345. Rohlman, along with the other bishops in Iowa, re-established Mt. St Bernard's Seminary for the education of new priests in the province. A new $2.5 million building was constructed to house the seminary in Dubuque.[10]

On August 10, 1945, the Diocese of Omaha was elevated to the status of an archdiocese. At that time the Province of Dubuque was reduced in size to the four dioceses in the state of Iowa.

On August 3, 1946, Pope Pius XII appointed a Dubuque priest, Edward Fitzgerald, as the first auxiliary bishop in the archdiocese. He assisted Rohlman until he was appointed Bishop of Winona on October 20, 1949.[11]

Later life and Death[edit]

In 1949, Rohlman requested a coadjutor archbishop. Bishop Leo Binz of Winona was transferred to Dubuque, and Rohlman continued to serve as archbishop until his resignation was accepted by Pope Pius XII on December 2, 1954. He was named the Titular Archbishop of Cotrada and Archbishop Emeritus. Rohlman is buried in the mortuary chapel at St. Raphael's Cathedral.[12]

Legacy[edit]

There are two resident halls named Rohlman Hall, after the Archibishop, one at Loras College in Dubuque and one at St. Ambrose University in Davenport. The former Marycrest College in Davenport also named a building in his honor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Schmidt, Madeleine M. (1981). Seasons of Growth: History of the Diocese of Davenport. Davenport, Iowa: Diocese of Davenport. p. 192. 
  2. ^ Schmidt, 192
  3. ^ a b Harlan, Edgar R. (1931). A Narrative History of The People of Iowa. Chicago: The American Historical Society. 
  4. ^ Archbishop Henry Patrick Rohlman www.catholic-hierarchy.org
  5. ^ Schmidt, 193-94
  6. ^ Schmidt, 201
  7. ^ a b Schmidt, 206
  8. ^ Schmidt, 207
  9. ^ Schmidt, 211
  10. ^ Rohlman, Henry www.encyclopediadubuque.org
  11. ^ Bishop Edward Aloysius Fitzgerald www.catholic-hierarchy.org
  12. ^ "Henry P. Rohlman (1876–1957)". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
James J. Davis
Roman Catholic Diocese of Davenport.png
Bishop of Davenport

1927–1944
Succeeded by
Ralph Leo Hayes