Henry S. Frank Memorial Synagogue

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Henry S. Frank Memorial Synagogue
Frank Synogue Philly.JPG
Henry S. Frank Memorial Synagogue is located in Pennsylvania
Henry S. Frank Memorial Synagogue
Location York and Tabor Rds., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°2′13″N 75°8′37″W / 40.03694°N 75.14361°W / 40.03694; -75.14361Coordinates: 40°2′13″N 75°8′37″W / 40.03694°N 75.14361°W / 40.03694; -75.14361
Built 1901
Architect Wm. R. Dougherty; Arnold W. Brunner
Architectural style Classical Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 83002267[1]
Added to NRHP July 12, 1983

The Frank Memorial Synagogue is a synagogue in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, named after philanthropist Henry S. Frank.

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.[2]

The synagogue was built in 1901 on the grounds of the Jewish Hospital of Philadelphia, now the Albert Einstein Medical Center.[3]

The architect, Arnold W. Brunner, was inspired by the recent publication of images of several Roman-era synagogues in Israel, particularly the handsome and largely intact synagogue at Kfar Bar'am. Several synagogues had been studied by the British Palestine Exploration Fund and illustrations were published in the Jewish Encyclopedia.[3]

Synagogue at Kfar Bar'am

The Frank Memorial synagogue replicated the round arch of the door of the standing ruin at Kfar Bar'am, and the lintel from the smaller synagogue at Kfar Bar'am that is now in the Louvre. The inscription on the lintel is taken from that inscription and reads, in Hebrew, "Peace be upon the place, and on all the places of Israel."[3] Over the door is a seven-branched Menorah in a wreath, copied from the ancient Nabratein synagogue.[3] The synagogue's floors are set with mosaics, although it was built before mosaic synagogue floors had been discovered in ancient synagogues in Israel.[3]

The supervising architect was Frank Furness, who had been the principal architect of the Jewish Hospital since 1871.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ http://www.archiplanet.org/wiki/Frank,_Henry_S.,_Memorial_Synagogue
  3. ^ a b c d e Art and Judaism in the Greco-Roman world: toward a new Jewish archaeology, Steven Fine, Cambridge University Press, 2005, Chapter 1, Building an Ancient Synagogue on the Delaware, pp. 12–21
  4. ^ American Architect and Architecture 69, no. 1290 (September 15, 1900), p. xii; Jewish Exponent (September 13, 1901).