Henry Somerset, 10th Duke of Beaufort

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His Grace
The Duke of Beaufort
KG, GCVO, KStJ, PC
10th Duke of Beaufort 3 Allan Warren.jpg
Master of the Horse
In office
February 1936 – 1978
Monarch Edward VIII
George VI
Elizabeth II
Preceded by Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard
Succeeded by David Fane, 15th Earl of Westmorland
Personal details
Born (1900-04-04)4 April 1900
Died 5 February 1984(1984-02-05)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Lady Victoria Constance Mary Cambridge

Henry Hugh Arthur FitzRoy Somerset, 10th Duke of Beaufort KG GCVO KStJ PC (4 April 1900 – 5 February 1984), styled Marquess of Worcester until 1924, was an English peer and Gloucestershire landowner.

Background and education[edit]

Somerset was the son of Henry Somerset, 9th Duke of Beaufort. He was educated at Eton and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, from which he was commissioned into the Royal Horse Guards.

Military service[edit]

Beaufort left the Army after a few years with the rank of Lieutenant. He was Honorary Colonel of the 21st (Royal Gloucestershire Hussars) Armoured Car Company, Territorial Army between 1969 and 1971 and Honorary Colonel of the Royal Wessex Yeomanry between 1971 and 1984, and the Warwickshire Yeomanry between 1971 and 1972.

Public appointments[edit]

The Duke in 1923

After the International Horse Show of 1933 was abandoned, a new committee headed by the young Beaufort succeeded in re-establishing the event at Olympia in 1934.[1]

Beaufort was Master of the Horse (1936–1978) to three British Sovereigns, King Edward VIII, King George VI, and Elizabeth II. As such he took part in royal functions, such as the 1947 wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.[2]

He was widely known as Master, not because of his office under the Crown, but because of his long service as Master of the Beaufort Hounds. He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in 1930, a Privy Counsellor in 1936, a Knight of the Garter in 1937 and was awarded the decoration of the Royal Victorian Chain in 1953.

He was Steward of Tewkesbury between 1948 and 1984, Hereditary Keeper of Raglan Castle (an office created by his ancestor William ap Thomas, the Blue Knight of Gwent), Lord Lieutenant of Bristol from 1931 to 1974 and Lord High Steward of Bristol, Tewkesbury and Gloucestershire. He also held the office of Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire between 1931 and 1984 and was Chancellor of the University of Bristol from 1965 to 1970.

Ancestry[edit]

Family and succession[edit]

The 10th Duke at Badminton House, by Allan Warren

Beaufort married the Lady Victoria Constance Mary Cambridge (1897–1987), daughter of Adolphus Cambridge, 1st Marquess of Cambridge and niece of Queen Mary, on 14 June 1923. They had no issue. Beaufort died in 1984, aged 83 at his seat, Badminton House, and was buried at St Michael and All Angels Church, Badminton.

On his death, the baronies of Botetourt and Herbert fell into abeyance between the several descendants of his elder sister, Lady Blanche Linnie Douglas (d. 1968) — between the two daughters of his elder niece Lady Rosemary Rubens (who predeceased him in 1963) who inherited a fourth share each in two baronies, and his surviving niece Lady Cathleen Hudson (who d. 1994) who inherited the junior half share in the baronies. His other titles passed to his distant cousin, David. The abeyance of the Herbert barony was eventually terminated in 2002 in favour of his great-nephew David John Seyfried.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'International Horse Show Revival at Olympia' in The Times, issue 46787 dated June 22, 1934, p. 6, col. G
  2. ^ Royal Collection: Seating plan for the Ball Supper Room http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/microsites/royalwedding1947/object.asp?grouping=&exhibs=NONE&object=9000366&row=82&detail=magnify

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Granard
Master of the Horse
1936–1978
Succeeded by
The Earl of Westmorland
Academic offices
Preceded by
Winston Churchill
Chancellor of the University of Bristol
1965–1970
Succeeded by
Dorothy Hodgkin
Court offices
Preceded by
The Earl Beauchamp
Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire
1931–1984
Succeeded by
Martin Gibbs
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Somerset
Duke of Beaufort
1924–1984
Succeeded by
David Somerset
Baron Botetourt
1924–1984
In abeyance
Baron Herbert
1924–1984
In abeyance
Title next held by
David Seyfried-Herbert, 2002